UN atomic agency urges Fukushima safety improvements

Apr 22, 2013 by Shingo Ito
Picture taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on April 17, 2013 shows members of the IAEA Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology inspecting the control room of the unit one and two reactor buildings of the crippled TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Okuma, Fukushima prefecture.

The International Atomic Energy Agency on Monday called on the operator of Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant to improve "essential systems" as it struggles to deal with leaks and power cuts.

The stricken site has suffered an increasingly long line of mishaps, including a series of leaks, that have rattled in the aftermath of the worst atomic crisis in a generation.

"TEPCO ( Power) should continue its efforts to improve the reliability of essential systems, to assess the structural integrity of site facilities and to enhance protection against external hazards," the UN nuclear watchdog said in a statement.

"Measures should continue to improve management issues regarding radiation releases and exposures from the site, particularly issues created by the storage of accumulated water," it added.

The comments came after an IAEA mission met with officials from the Japanese government and TEPCO last week in Tokyo, ahead of their on-site inspection at the plant to monitor progress in its decommissioning.

The statement was released just hours after TEPCO said it had temporarily switched off a reactor cooling system following the discovery of a pair of dead rats near critical equipment.

The measure was taken to allow workers to safely remove the bodies and to check whether the animals had done any damage to delicate , a TEPCO spokesman said.

Monday's incident came after a rat last month caused a short-circuit at the plant, which knocked out power to cooling systems for pools storing and sparking fears of a meltdown.

This photo, taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on April 17, 2013, shows members of the IAEA Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology visiting the emergency operation centre of the crippled TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Okuma, Fukushima prefecture.

It took more than a day to fix the problem in March.

In the past month TEPCO has reported another temporary outage at one of the reactor and several incidents of suspected leaks of radioactive water, undermining the precarious fix at the plant since the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in March 2011.

At a news conference, Juan Carlos Lentijo, head of the IAEA mission, told reporters that dealing with massive amounts of radioactive water was the "most challenging" task in the short term, but predicted a solution would be found.

"It is expected that in such a complex site additional incidents will occur as it happens in nuclear power plants under normal operation," he said.

Lentijo also said decommissioning procedures were under way as scheduled, but it was "nearly impossible to ensure the time for decommissioning such a complex facility".

The IAEA inspection by nuclear experts and international specialists came at the request of the Japanese government and is the third of its kind since the Fukushima plant was knocked out.

The 9.0-magnitude earthquake and massive tsunami sparked reactor meltdowns that forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes.

Many remain displaced and some will never be able to return.

Explore further: A model capable of simulating power fluctuations in large grids of photovoltaic power stations is patented

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