Pensioners to go to Mars: Why the old ones are the best

Mar 11, 2013 by Malcolm Walter, The Conversation
Is sending “oldies” to Mars an acceptable sacrifice – or a case of “voluntary euthanasia”? Credit: Be-Younger.com

Tourist "astronaut" millionaire Dennis Tito wants to send an "older couple" to Mars. Would this be a stunt by an enthusiast or a meaningful breakthrough in space exploration?

Being elderly myself, I have an informed view. Older for Tito apparently means infertile, or at least beyond wishing to have children. Of course most men remain fertile until they die, as proved. So, conceivably (no pun intended) we are thinking about men and women beyond "a certain age" – let's say 50.

Apart from the psychological issues it is difficult to shield astronauts from damaging on the long trip, but oldies can be sacrificed because we have little to lose. Think of it as – if the worst happened it would be a spectacular way to go.

Implicit in the proposal is that the couple be heterosexual, perhaps so they would be representative of most of humankind.

The idea is to find two people who could tolerate each other for 501 days inside a sardine can. If they survived, maybe we could conclude that younger explorers would have an even better chance. On the other hand, youngsters tend to be more argumentative.

They would have to occupy themselves somehow. How about some very fine needlework while listening to audio versions of those books they always wanted to read? Picture your grandparents. Blogging with the kids might be popular.

Serious astronaut John Glenn flew to the when he was 77. So it can be done. But what's the point?

Dennis Tito. Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The point is that it would be inspirational, much like Columbus "discovering" America, or Cook's great voyages. It could be the demonstration needed to break the pragmatic roadblock to sending astronauts to Mars.

Not that this old couple would land on Mars. According to the Tito concept they would fly there, take a spin around the planet and fly home. The round trip would take only 501 days if the were in the favourable window in 2018 when the planets are suitably aligned.

All great fun – but the serious issue is, why send astronauts to Mars at all? Here we are on firmer ground. We know that robotic missions can be spectacularly successful, witness Spirit and Opportunity, and now Curiosity, but who can forget the moon landings.

NASA going to the moon might really have been about the Cold War, not exploration and science, but it was inspirational. The images are unforgettable. Think about the Earth-rise over the moon, and ultimately the recognition of the fragility of our planet.

Also, remember that the former Soviet Union got to the moon first, with a robotic mission, but that largely has been forgotten. It lacked the magic of "one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind".

However, there is a huge cost. To escape the gravity "well" of Earth costs tens of thousands of dollars per kilogram.

Mars is a great laboratory that is teaching us about the early history of the solar system, still preserved there because of the geologically inert nature of that planet. And it may harbour a second sample of life.

Pensioners to go to Mars: Why the old ones are the best
Earth as viewed from Lunar orbit during the Apollo 8 mission, Christmas Eve, 1968. Credit: NASA

There can be no greater quest than searching for a second origin of life: should we find it on Mars we will know that the universe is pregnant with life.

Some propose another motive, but it is nonsense. These people think of Mars as a refuge to which we will escape after we have destroyed the environment of Earth. What a nonsensical idea. We would just proceed to destroy the environment of Mars.

Exploration is a human imperative. No matter what pragmatists insist, the dreamers will win. Dennis Tito's mission, should it happen, could prove to be a catalyst.

In any event, there will be people on before the end of this century. It will not happen soon, but it will happen.

Explore further: SpaceX making Easter delivery of station supplies (Update 2)

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grondilu
2.6 / 5 (5) Mar 11, 2013
> Some propose another motive, but it is nonsense. These people think of Mars as a refuge to which we will escape after we have destroyed the environment of Earth. What a nonsensical idea. We would just proceed to destroy the environment of Mars.

It's nonsense, but not because we would destroy the environment of Mars. It's nonsense because whatever we do to earth, even an nuclear apocalypse, there is no way we could make it worse an environment than mars.
Lurker2358
1.2 / 5 (10) Mar 11, 2013
Sending some old people to Mars would be a waste of a manned mission.
Sto
1 / 5 (1) Mar 11, 2013
An elderly couple is a great idea provided teleportation technology is in use. The old duffer probably suffers with prostate problems and might be an E.D. complainer. The Mrs. probably has sinus and a bunch of complaints, and both with high blood pressure.
How else are you gonna keep them on Obama Care without their medications? Need that teleporter.
John Stofan
ROBTHEGOB
1 / 5 (2) Mar 12, 2013
OK - as I have explained before, we cannot successfully send and return humans to Mars without rotating spacecraft to create artificial gravity for long durations, as in the movie 2001. The human body will quickly begin to dissolve into quivering jelly without constant gravity. The age of the astronauts is not the critical factor.
Sinister1811
1 / 5 (3) Mar 12, 2013
Grondilu has a point. Mars's conditions are much more extreme than even Antarctica or the Sahara on Earth. Who knows if they could even terraform it, as Mars has only 1% of the atmosphere of Earth and virtually no magnetic field. It's gravity of only a 1/3 that of Earth could cause a thicker atmosphere to escape much more quickly and easily into space. Due to an absence of fossil fuels to burn, the only way you could warm the planet is with giant mirrors in orbit.

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