Web inventor says governments stifling net freedom (Update)

Jan 25, 2013 by Danny Kemp
British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee gives a speech on April 18, 2012 in Lyon, France. The inventor of the World Wide Web warned Friday that government control is limiting the possibilities of the Internet, as dozens of countries and businesses signed a cybersecurity deal at the Davos forum.

The inventor of the World Wide Web warned Friday that government control is limiting the possibilities of the Internet, as dozens of countries and businesses signed a cybersecurity deal at the Davos forum.

The comments by Tim Berners-Lee at the World Economic Forum plugged into a wider debate among the delegates on the future of the Internet, particularly how to balance openness with privacy and security.

While Yahoo! chief Marissa Mayer told the forum there was a "trade off" between privacy and the benefits of increasingly personalised services offered by Internet giants, the network's founding father took up the ethical issues at stake.

"The dream is of a more open web," Berners-Lee told the gathering in the Swiss ski resort, citing social media as a way of breaking down barriers.

But he said the recent suicide of Aaron Swartz, a 26-year-old US Internet activist who faced charges of illegally copying and distributing millions of academic articles, highlighted government efforts to police the Internet.

"He downloaded a lot and so the secret service in the US decided that he was a hacker. For them that isn't the term of great praise that it is when I use it. For me a hacker is someone who is creative and does wonderful things," he said.

Berners-Lee—who launched the first web page on Christmas Day 1990 and is is credited with creating the World Wide Web—called on international governments to release more data, saying that others could use it to find solutions to problems including economic and health issues.

"They can give you 101 reasons for not doing it but it comes down to control," the Briton told the forum.

But Yahoo! CEO Mayer had a different take when it came to data about individual users held by companies such as hers and by other Internet giants such as Facebook and Google.

"I think that privacy will always be something that users should consider. But I also think that privacy is a trade off," she said.

"Because where you give that personal information you get functionality in return."

Mayer, 37, who took over in July at Yahoo! after 13 years at Google in a move aimed at reinvigorating the faded Internet firm, said the future lay in the increased "personalisation" of the web.

She predicted the dominance in coming years of handheld Internet devices to take personalised content.

But she added: "The real question is making money from it."

Joichi Ito, director of the Media Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said the Internet worked best when it was governed only by the needs of individual users and communities.

"The Internet is a bunch of humble little small pieces loosely joined. There's no one on the Internet that tries to control the whole of it," he said.

"When you're in a network and you've got YouTube and Facebook and you've got all these other things, lots of little features together make the whole work."

For government leaders at Davos the topic was about how to harness the power of the Internet to boost the global economy—while also maintaining security against fraud and terrorism.

More than 70 companies and government bodies officially signed up to the World Economic Forum's new "Cyber Resilience" principles on Friday aimed at tackling the issue.

Speaking at Davos on Friday, British cybersecurity minister Francis Maude said a "safe and secure" Internet was necessary to help business thrive.

"Cyber security is a shared, global challenge—our companies operate in a global marketplace. The cyber threat knows no geographical boundaries and it matters that those we connect to are secure as well," Maude said.

Separately Neelie Kroes, the European Union's telecommunications commissioner, was at Davos to appeal to companies and governments to improve the technological skills of young Europeans to compete with the rest of the world.

Berners-Lee agreed, saying that the world economy needed "more people who can program" and that in the Internet age children should be taught how to use computers from an early age.

But he added: "Computers are important, but young people should study history and art and music and things."

Explore further: Study: Social media users shy away from opinions

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Internet has no 'off switch', says web inventor

Sep 05, 2012

Tim Berners-Lee, the British inventor of the World Wide Web, on Wednesday warned governments that attempts to block the Internet were doomed to failure due to its scattered structure.

Web inventor warns UK on surveillance plans

Apr 18, 2012

(AP) -- The scientist credited with inventing the World Wide Web says he's warned Britain's government to ditch plans to extend surveillance of Internet activity.

Web founder fears 'snooping' on the Internet

Mar 13, 2009

Tim Berners-Lee, one of the founders of the World Wide Web, said Friday that he was concerned about the emergence of user profiling on the Internet and "snooping."

Web founder makes online privacy plea

Apr 22, 2009

Plans by Internet service providers to deliver targeted adverts to consumers based on their Web searches threaten online privacy and should be opposed, the founder of the Web said Wednesday.

Sweden is tops in making most of Internet, report finds

Sep 07, 2012

Leave it to the country that brought us Ikea to make the most of the Internet. According to a new report from the World Wide Web Foundation, the people and government of Sweden are the best in the world at optimizing the ...

Recommended for you

Study: Social media users shy away from opinions

16 hours ago

People on Facebook and Twitter say they are less likely to share their opinions on hot-button issues, even when they are offline, according to a surprising new survey by the Pew Research Center.

US warns shops to watch for customer data hacking

Aug 23, 2014

The US Department of Homeland Security on Friday warned businesses to watch for hackers targeting customer data with malicious computer code like that used against retail giant Target.

Fitbit to Schumer: We don't sell personal data

Aug 22, 2014

The maker of a popular line of wearable fitness-tracking devices says it has never sold personal data to advertisers, contrary to concerns raised by U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer.

Should you be worried about paid editors on Wikipedia?

Aug 22, 2014

Whether you trust it or ignore it, Wikipedia is one of the most popular websites in the world and accessed by millions of people every day. So would you trust it any more (or even less) if you knew people ...

How much do we really know about privacy on Facebook?

Aug 22, 2014

The recent furore about the Facebook Messenger app has unearthed an interesting question: how far are we willing to allow our privacy to be pushed for our social connections? In the case of the Facebook ...

Philippines makes arrests in online extortion ring

Aug 22, 2014

Philippine police have arrested eight suspected members of an online syndicate accused of blackmailing more than 1,000 Hong Kong and Singapore residents after luring them into exposing themselves in front of webcam, an official ...

User comments : 7

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Tenche
4.3 / 5 (7) Jan 25, 2013
Well, duh, it's the government. They typically screw everything good up.
ryggesogn2
2.3 / 5 (7) Jan 25, 2013
" government control is limiting the possibilities of the Internet, "

Too bad that's all he is worried about, but its a start.
frajo
1.6 / 5 (7) Jan 26, 2013
"There is no proper life within the wrong one." (T.W. Adorno)

As long as the internet is embedded in a society that favors greed, exploitation, and social injustice (AKA capitalism) the internet will be used to further greed, exploitation, and social injustice.

"Because where you give that personal information you get functionality in return."
It's a threat: No functionality for you unless you give up your privacy.
Slave holders and their proponents (like ryggsogn2) still use just this formula.
CityguyUSA
not rated yet Jan 26, 2013
But she added: "The real question is making money from it."

Really, that's not the "real question". Sometimes value is not expressed in monetary gains. Libraries don't make profits but they avail people of knowledge. The internet is very much like a library in some aspects and a shopping mall in others. Either it's subsidized by taxpayers or donors like a library, subscribers which is usually very limiting or sponsors also very limiting or each business gives a percentage of their profits to maintain but not control.
seosri
not rated yet Jan 28, 2013
Computers are important and now a days internet is very important one that every needs it. We can gain and develop the knowledge through the internet.
ryggesogn2
1.7 / 5 (3) Jan 28, 2013
Sometimes value is not expressed in monetary gains.

Someone still has to pay for it.
Libraries are funded from plundered wealth.
Internet servers require electricity, maintenance, replacement, and communication links to users whether cable, cell, DSL, ...all must be paid for.
phi-stee
not rated yet Feb 01, 2013
Plundered wealth? You need to take your Ayn Rand nonsense somewhere else. Public and private enterprises should compete like they always have. It's clear that they both have their places.