Higgs Boson tops journal Science's top 10 of 2012

Dec 21, 2012
Graphic distributed on July 4, 2012 by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) shows a representation of traces of a proton-proton collision measured in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) in the search for the Higgs Boson particle. The discovery of the Higgs Boson particle, leads a list of the top 10 scientific advances of 2012 released Thursday by the US journal Science.

The discovery of the Higgs Boson, an invisible particle that explains the mystery of mass, leads a list of the top 10 scientific advances of 2012 released Thursday by the US journal Science.

Without the , scientists believe, we and all the other joined-up atoms in the Universe would not exist.

The is named after 83-year-old Peter Higgs, a shy, soft-spoken Briton who in 1964 published the conceptual groundwork for the particle. Belgian physicist Francois Englert, 79, separately contributed to the theory.

The other major advances, according to Science, are:

— Scientists in Germany used a new technique to sequence the complete genome of an enigmatic group of humans called the Denisovans, based on a tiny sample teased from a finger bone some 80,000 years old found in a cave in Siberia. Nothing was known about the Denisovans other than that they were contemporaries of the , another "cousin" species of modern humans.

created viable using from . The breakthrough raises the possibility that women who are unable to produce eggs naturally could have them created in a test tube from their own cells and then implanted in their body.

landed the 3.3 ton Mars Curiosity rover on the Red Planet by using an innovative landing system that dangled the vehicle, with its wheels out, at the end of three cables. "The flawless landing reassured planners that NASA could someday land a second mission near an earlier rover to pick up samples the rover collected and return them to Earth," Science said.

— Use of an X-ray laser, which shines one billion times brighter than traditional synchroton sources, allowed scientists to determine the structure of a protein involved in the transmission of . "The advance demonstrated the potential of X-ray lasers to decipher proteins that conventional X-ray sources cannot," Science said.

— A new tool let researchers modify or deactivate genes in test animals. This technology could be as effective, and even cheaper, than current gene-targeting techniques and could let researchers focus on specific roles for genes and mutations in healthy and sick people.

— Scientists confirmed the existence of Majorana fermions, particles that can act as their own antimatter and destroy themselves. Scientists believe that "qubits" made of Majorana fermions could be used to more efficiently store and process data than the bits currently used in digital computers.

— The ENCODE Project, which showed that 80 percent of the human genome is active and helps turn genes on and off. The new information could help scientists understand genetic risk factors for diseases.

— A brain-machine interface that allows paralyzed humans to move a mechanical arm with their minds and perform movements in three dimensions. The experimental technology is promising for patients paralyzed by strokes and spinal injuries.

— Researchers in China discovered the final unknown parameter of a model describing how sub-atomic particles known as neutrinos change as they travel at near-light speed. The results suggest that neutrino physics may someday help researchers explain why the universe contains so much matter and so little antimatter.

Explore further: Neutron tomography technique reveals phase fractions of crystalline materials in 3-dimensions

More information: www.sciencemag.org/site/special/btoy2012/

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User comments : 14

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indio007
1.8 / 5 (5) Dec 21, 2012
Which Higgs Boson are they talking about? There seems to be 2.
dschlink
5 / 5 (5) Dec 21, 2012
Just stop using "god particle", okay?
baudrunner
1 / 5 (5) Dec 21, 2012
If Science can talk about the Higgs boson, then I claim the right to babble on about Nibiru.
vacuum-mechanics
1 / 5 (5) Dec 21, 2012
Without the Higgs Boson, scientists believe, we and all the other joined-up atoms in the Universe would not exist.

Unfortunately there is no explanation why and how it is be so, what we were told is that Higgs (field) is a scalar field filled in vacuum space (the same idea as aether do)! Could we then conclude that the unacceptable aether was now being accepted?
http://www.vacuum...=9〈=en
Lurker2358
1 / 5 (6) Dec 21, 2012
The ENCODE Project, which showed that 80 percent of the human genome is active and helps turn genes on and off. The new information could help scientists understand genetic risk factors for diseases.


Hehehe.

I love this one.

Look at all that function code it takes to work with the "data," much like computer code.

"Intelligent Design" wins.

I'd like to see the slope of the line plotted if they broke DNA into codons and plotted them from left to right in descending order of occurrence, and then do the same for the occurrence of whole genes.

I bet there is a negative slope which is linear and near 45 degrees, OR there is a negative slope which is roughly logarithmic.

The reason this happens is any language requires rules, whether grammatical, syntactical, mathematical, or spatial. Some "words" have no purpose other than to enforce or modify the rules. This causes some words to be much more common than others: definite articles, conjunctions, and prepositions, etc.
AmritSorli
1.7 / 5 (6) Dec 22, 2012
what is giving mass to the Higgs boson should be answered before Higgs boson becomes fully accepted in physics.
Seems to me this discovery of Higss boson" is somehow forced in order to explain mass.......
F. Wilczek, "Origins of Mass", http://arxiv.org/...7114.pdf
Otto_Krog
1 / 5 (5) Dec 22, 2012
I don't think the qualities required for The Higgs particle to explain the standard model is there, and I don't think they will be found.

Neither do I think, that supersymmetry will be recognized in futuristic science.

I know I am a pain in the butt, but I believe in a complete different approach to high energy physics in the future. My vision is that future science will engulf consciousness. The mind and the spirit will be explainable through physics.

I have been a fan of Sir Roger Penrose for many years. He was the first scientist to say that consciousness should be found in the quantum field rather than in the brain. I am so much a fan, that I made my own theory out of the idea that consciousness might be explained through a better understanding of antimatter and multiverse dimensions.

My idea is that antimatter is the mirror of this universe, and that antimatter might be where memory is located.

I think that the subconscious mind and consciousness are located in multiverse
VendicarD
3.4 / 5 (5) Dec 22, 2012
Still no evidence that what has been found is the higgs particle.

None..
Anda
3 / 5 (4) Dec 23, 2012
Agree Vendicar... None. Still waiting for confirmation that what has been found has the properties expected and really is the higgs boson.
I'm happy there's at least one intelligent person in here not talking bullshit.
ValeriaT
2 / 5 (4) Dec 23, 2012
Still no evidence that what has been found is the higgs particle. None
It's not true. CERN physicists are pretty sure, they found the Higgs boson. Actually it behaves way better(i.e. in agreement with Standard Model), than many physicists expected. So, you're still talking BS - whereas we indeed cannot be 100% sure, the particle found is the Higgs boson, it's not true at all, that NONE such evidence exists.
ValeriaT
2 / 5 (4) Dec 23, 2012
On the other hand, I'm 100% sure, that the Higgs boson found is way more complex, than the Standard Model expects. But it's normal in physics. When P.A.Dirac has conjectured the neutrino existence, the first physicists who did find it could be pretty sure, it fits the Dirac's predictions. But P.A.Dirac didn't predict many things about neutrino - the neutrino oscillations, the neutrino generations (we have three neutrinos instead of single one) - well, and we can expect, the situation with Higgs boson will be the very same. I've multiple indicia for it already.
Q-Star
2.3 / 5 (6) Dec 24, 2012
When P.A.Dirac has conjectured the neutrino existence, the first physicists who did find it could be pretty sure, it fits the Dirac's predictions. But P.A.Dirac didn't predict many things about neutrino - the neutrino oscillations, the neutrino generations (we have three neutrinos instead of single one) - well,


Zephyr, I think ya must be talking about Pauli and the neutrino,,,, not Dirac,,,,,,, other than that, ya still got it about wrong as ya usually do.

If ya can't keep two of the most eminent names in physics straight, how do ya think ya can fool us into thinking that ya know anything at all about the way things work?

Pssst, it is the positron which is associated with "predictions" by Dirac,,,,
ValeriaT
1 / 5 (2) Dec 24, 2012
I think ya must be talking about Pauli and the neutrino.. not Dirac
You're correct in this point, it was really W. Pauli. My apology goes to all poor readers, who were fooled in this way. But I don't think, my other opinions are wrong just because of my apparent ignorance of authorities in physics. In certain sense, it's the necessary condition for moving forward and description of things from another perspective.
The finding of Higgs boson plays a role of first experimental evidence of aether in AWT. The water surface is flat and seemingly empty for surface waves. It's just tiny density fluctuations, in which the underwater manifests there. So I've no problem with Higgs concept. But we should realize, what this finding actually means for physics and the another observational consequences of this concept. It's not just a confirmation of some rather exotic fifty years old idea - the concept of Higgs field is much wider and it pervades all dimensional scales.
Q-Star
2.3 / 5 (6) Dec 25, 2012
The finding of Higgs boson plays a role of first experimental evidence of aether in AWT.


The experimental evidence (and there is over a century's worth of it) completely denies the exists of any aether. The Higgs particle is just additional evidence to refute any aether "theory".

The water surface is flat and seemingly empty for surface waves. It's just tiny density fluctuations, in which the underwater manifests there. So I've no problem with Higgs concept.


The flat transverse surface waves of the water is longitudinally superluminal,,,,,,

But the density of the aether is not tiny, it is nonexistent.