Supercomputing for a superproblem: A computational journey into pure mathematics

Nov 06, 2012

A world-famous mathematician responsible for solving one of the subject's most challenging problems has published his latest work as a University of Leicester research report.

This follows the visit that famed mathematician Yuri Matiyasevich made to the Department of Mathematics where he talked about his pioneering work. He visited UK by invitation of the Institute for Mathematical Sciences.

In 1900, twenty-three unsolved , known as Hilbert's Problems, were compiled as a definitive list by mathematician David Hilbert.

A century later, the seven most important unsolved mathematical problems to date, known as the 'Millennium Problems', were listed by the Clay Mathematics Institute. Solving one of these Millennium Problems has a reward of US $1,000,000, and so far only one has been resolved, namely the famous , which only recently was verified by G. Perelman.

Yuri Matiyasevich found a negative solution to one of Hilbert's problems. Now, he's working on the more challenging of maths problems - and the only one that appears on both lists - Riemann's zeta function hypothesis.

In his presentation at the University, Matiyasevich discussed Riemann's hypothesis, a conjecture so important and so difficult to prove that even Hilbert himself commented: "If I were to awaken after having slept for a thousand years, my first question would be: has the been proven?"

Professor Alexander Gorban, from the University of Leicester, said: "His visit was a great event for our and computer science departments.

"Matiyasevich has now published a paper through the University that regards the zeros of Riemann Zeta Function (RZF). This is a which has been studied for over a hundred years.

"The goal of this paper is to present numerical evidence for a new method for revealing all divisors of all natural numbers from the zeroes of the RZF. This approach required supercomputing power.

"There is previous evidence of famous pure mathematical problems using massive computations. Unfortunately, the Riemann hypothesis is not reduced to a finite problem and, therefore, the computations can disprove but cannot prove it. Computations here provide the tools for guessing and disproving the guesses only."

Explore further: Heat distributions help researchers to understand curved space

More information: The paper on how supercomputers have helped the mathematicians to travel into the world of the Riemann hypothesis is now available online, together with the presentation of the Matiyasevich talk, at: www2.le.ac.uk/departments/math… esearch-reports-2012

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

A zero sum game

Mar 21, 2011

(PhysOrg.com) -- New light has been shed on the 150-year-old math puzzle known as the Riemann hypothesis, say mathematical physicists at the University of Sydney.

Putting math problems in proper order

Nov 17, 2009

Mathematics is driven by the quest to solve problems and today the American Institute of Mathematics (AIM) announces a new tool to help attack those questions. Research problems can take decades or centuries to answer, with ...

Russian mathematician rejects $1 million prize

Jul 01, 2010

(AP) -- He said nyet to $1 million. Grigory Perelman, a reclusive Russian mathematics genius who made headlines earlier this year for not immediately embracing a lucrative math prize, has decided to decline ...

Recommended for you

Precarious work schedules common among younger workers

Aug 29, 2014

One wish many workers may have this Labor Day is for more control and predictability of their work schedules. A new report finds that unpredictability is widespread in many workers' schedules—one reason ...

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

lonewolfmtnz
1 / 5 (3) Nov 06, 2012
How about calculating the probability that the ubiquitous infinite growth paradigm can be sustained (over any finite interval) on a planet of finite resources and an exponentially increasing in mass of pathogenic mutant misery monkeys?
knowphiself
1 / 5 (2) Nov 09, 2012
I wonder if the esteemed researcher could wonder into the business department and enquire if this arena of work would be helpful or not in regards to security of transactions et al. ?

Oh and here is a buddha joke : "walk the Planck"
Job001
1 / 5 (1) Nov 20, 2012
How about calculating the probability that the ubiquitous infinite growth paradigm can be sustained (over any finite interval) on a planet of finite resources and an exponentially increasing in mass of pathogenic mutant misery monkeys?

Simple! The EPI Exponential Productivity Improvement decreases the resource demand at a percentage rate higher than the ED Exponential Demand.
This has been true for 200 years during which chicken little proponents have continuously proclaimed otherwise. "The sky is falling!" "The sky is falling!" It Just isn't so!
Proof:EPI>ED for 200 years and counting to the singularity and beyond!