Outrage as Antarctic Ocean sanctuary talks end in failure

Nov 02, 2012 by Martin Parry
A fur seal is pictured on the shore of King George Island, Antarctica, in 2008. An international conference has failed to agree on new marine sanctuaries to protect thousands of polar species across Antarctica, sparking condemnation Friday from conservation groups.

Conservation groups expressed outrage after resistance led by China and Russia stymied efforts to carve out new marine sanctuaries and protect thousands of species across Antarctica.

Hopes were high that a reserve covering 1.6 million square kilometres (640,000 square miles) would be green-lighted for the pristine Ross Sea, the world's most intact ecosystem.

Nations led by Australia and the European Union also wanted 1.9 million square kilometres of critical in the East Antarctic safeguarded.

But two-week long talks at the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), made up of 24 countries and the European Union, at Hobart in Australia ended without resolution.

Instead, CCAMLR will hold an intercessional meeting in Germany in July after China, Russia and Ukraine raised concerns about fishing restrictions which saw the talks fail, officials said.

In a statement, CCAMLR said establishing was "a complex process involving a large amount of scientific research as well as international diplomacy".

"It was decided... that further consideration of the proposals is needed."

The Antarctic Ocean Alliance, made up of 30 international organisations including the Pew , WWF and Greenpeace, said it was hugely disappointed.

Graphic outlining a 3.5 million square kilometre proposal to protect Antarctic waters, which was rejected on Friday at an international forum held in Hobart, Australia after resistance led by China and Russia.

"CCAMLR members failed to establish any large-scale Antarctic marine protection at this meeting because a number of countries actively blocked ," said alliance official Steve Campbell.

An official at the meeting told AFP she felt it was as much a show of political power by China and Russia as fishing restrictions.

"I think there was a little bit of 'Don't tell us what we can or can't do', as well as keeping their options open," the official said.

Farah Obaidullah from Greenpeace accused CCAMLR of behaving more like a fisheries organisation than one dedicated to conservation of .

"The question now is whether countries like Russia, China and the Ukraine will come to the next meeting prepared to meet their conservation commitments," Obaidullah said.

The Antarctic region is home to big populations of penguins, seals and whales found nowhere else on Earth, and also has unique seafloor features that nurture early links in the food chain, according to environmental groups.

This October 16 NASA Aqua satellite image, captured by the on board Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), shows a view of the Western Ross Sea and Ice Shelf in Antarctica.

The Antarctic Ocean Alliance said climate change was affecting the abundance of important food sources for penguins, whales, seals and birds while growing demand for seafood was seeing greater interest in the Southern Ocean.

CCAMLR was established in 1982 with the goal of conserving marine life in the face of rising demands to exploit krill, a shrimp-like creature which is an important source of food for species in the .

While the commission permits fishing, it must be carried out "in a sustainable manner and take account of the effects of fishing on other components of the ecosystem".

The push for protection in Hobart was widely supported by A-list personalities, with Leonardo DiCaprio launching a petition ahead of the meeting urging the creation of the largest marine sanctuary in the .

It has been signed by more than one million people.

Gerry Leape, senior officer at the Pew Environment Group, called the outcome a "resounding disappointment for conservation".

"In 2011, participating countries agreed to work together to protect and conserve the unique marine life that thrives in the ocean surrounding Antarctica," he said.

"Instead, they are heading home and leaving the door wide open to unchecked commercial fishing in these special areas."

Explore further: Giant anteaters kill two hunters in Brazil

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Plans for giant Antarctic marine sanctuary falter

Sep 14, 2012

(AP)—Antarctica's Ross Sea is often described as the most isolated and pristine ocean on Earth, a place where seals and penguins still rule the waves and humans are about as far away as they could be. But ...

Under-ice habitat important for Antarctic krill

Mar 08, 2012

The importance of the under-ice habitat for Antarctic krill was probably under-estimated in the past and emphasise the susceptibility of this ecological key species to changes in the sea ice habitat induced ...

Recommended for you

Giant anteaters kill two hunters in Brazil

Jul 26, 2014

Giant anteaters in Brazil have killed two hunters in separate incidents, raising concerns about the animals' loss of habitat and the growing risk of dangerous encounters with people, researchers said.

Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat

Jul 24, 2014

Bushmeat, the use of native animal species for food or commercial food sale, has been heavily documented to be a significant factor in the decline of many species of primates and other mammals. However, a new study indicates ...

Noise pollution impacts fish species differently

Jul 24, 2014

Acoustic disturbance has different effects on different species of fish, according to a new study from the Universities of Bristol and Exeter which tested fish anti-predator behaviour.

User comments : 0