Curiosity celebrates 90 Sols scooping Mars and snapping amazing self-portrait with Mount Sharp

Nov 08, 2012 by Ken Kremer, Universe Today
Curiosity Self Portrait with Mount Sharp at Rocknest ripple in Gale Crater. Curiosity used the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on the robotic arm to image herself and her target destination Mount Sharp in the background. Mountains in the background to the left are the northern wall of Gale Crater. This color panoramic mosaic was assembled from raw images snapped on Sol 85 (Nov. 1, 2012). Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Ken Kremer/Marco Di Lorenzo

NASA's revolutionary Curiosity rover is celebrating 90 Sols on Mars by snapping amazing self-portraits (see our mosaics above and below) and biting into the Red Planet's surface to accomplish unprecedented scientific analysis of an alien world.

Nov. 6 marked a major in 's daring and evolving mission in search of . This is the three month anniversary of her toiling on the breathtaking since the hair-raising pinpoint touchdown on Aug. 6 inside Gale Crater at the foothills of a humongous and gorgeous layered mountain that likely holds the key to understanding Mars watery past and 4 billion plus year evolution.

The never before seen mosaic vista above shows a matchless of Curiosity's Mastcam 'head' and body combined with a thrilling scene of her target destination – Mount Sharp – the layered mound of sediments that could unlock the mysteries of whether Mars ever possessed habitats favorable for the , past or present.

Last week on Sols 84 & 85 (Oct 31 & Nov 1) Curiosity took hundreds of high resolution color images with the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera – located at the end of the 7 foot (2.1 m) long robotic arm – thus affording us a breathtaking portrait view of our emissary from Earth to Mars.

Our Sol 85 self-portrait mosaic was stitched together by the imaging team of Ken Kremer and Marco Di Lorenzo. Last week released the first self portrait mosaic of the Sol 84 MAHLI camera imagery that included the left flank of 3 mile (5 km) .

The Curiosity team spent considerable effort to build the imaging sequences and then remotely maneuver the robotic arm to precisely collect the raw images and transmit them to Earth.

High-Resolution Self-Portrait by Curiosity Rover Arm Camera. On Sol 84 (Oct. 31, 2012), NASA’s Curiosity rover used the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) to capture this set of 55 high-resolution images, which were stitched together to create this full-color self-portrait. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Previously the team used the MAHLI camera to photograph Curiosity's underbelly (see our mosaic).

For the past month Curiosity has been hunkered down at "Rocknest" ripple which lies at the edge of "Glenelg" – her first major science destination – and that sits at the natural junction of three types of geologically diverse terrain.

A mosaic of photos taken by the MAHLI camera on Curiosity’s arm shows the underbelly of the rover and its six wheels, with Martian terrain stretching back to the horizon. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Ken Kremer/Marco Di Lorenzo

Rocknest afforded the perfect type of fine grained Martian dust to carry out the first test scoops of Martian soil and then used the material to thoroughly cleanse the robots' sample processing system of residual Earthy contamination and then ingest the first samples into the robots pair of analytical chemistry labs – Chemin and SAM.

Curiosity has eaten into Rocknest 4 times so far and delivered two samples to Chemin for analysis.

Panoramic mosaic shows gorgeous Glenelg snapped by Curiosity on Sol 64 (Oct. 10) with eroded crater rim and base of Mount Sharp in the distance. This is a cropped version of the full mosaic as assembled from 75 images acquired by the Mastcam 100 camera. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Ken Kremer/Marco Di Lorenzo

Scoop sample #5 should deliver the first solid material to SAM (Sample Analysis at Mars) sometime in the next week or so.

SAM is specifically engineered to search for organic molecules – the building blocks of life as we know it. Chemin uses X-ray diffraction techniques to accurately determine the mineralogical composition of pulverized and sieved soil and rock samples.

Curiosity's key science finding during the first 90 Sols is the discovery of evidence for an ancient Martian stream bed at three different locations along the short route she has traversed so far.

Curiosity found a trio of outcrops of stones cemented into a layer of conglomerate rock. Hip deep liquid water once flowed vigorously on the floogr of Gale Crater billions of years ago. Liquid water is a prerequisite for the origin of life.

The SUV sized Curiosity rover has taken over 22,000 pictures thus far and is funded for a 2 year primary mission.

See more of our Curiosity Mars by Ken Kremer & Marco Di Lorenzo at PBS Nova TV (airing Nov 14), NBC News Cosmic log and Scientific American.

Explore further: Cassini: Return to Rhea

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1 / 5 (1) Nov 09, 2012
Spirit and Opportunity were designed for a 90 day mission and went on working for years. Opportunity is still going strong almost 9 years later.

I've always worried a little about Curiosity (having been designed to last years) keeling over at or before the 90 day mark just to satisfy some martian karma.

Glad to hear she's doing fine.

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