Social and economic well-being of Mediterranean under threat by demand on environment, says new report

October 11, 2012
Irrigation of a strawberry field in Spain - an example of the subsidy programme undermining southern markets, and negatively impacting the environment. Credit: WWF-Canon / Michel GUNTHER

The Mediterranean region is using two and a half times more natural resources and ecological services than its ecosystems can provide, eroding the region's economic security and countries' capacities to guarantee the well-being of their citizens, Global Footprint Network reports in a two year study.

Global Footprint Network and , with the support of the MAVA Foundation and the collaboration of WWF Mediterranean released the study's findings at a conference in Venice.

The report, Mediterranean Ecological Footprint Trends, shows that by 2008 the region's Ecological Footprint – the demand on Earth's bioproductive land and sea areas –exceeded local available ecological assets by more than 150 percent.

Between 1961 and 2008, the most recent year data were available, growing population and consumption trends tripled the region's demand for renewable resources and ecological services.

Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) feeding in the Mediterranean Sea. Credit: Frédéric BASSEMAYOUSSE / WWF Mediterranean

"It is vital that our societies recognise that investing now in tackling and safeguarding natural capital in the Mediterranean will sow the seeds for sustainable economies in the future. Sustainable economies, security and cultural dialogue won't be achieved without a healthy Mediterranean environment," said Paolo Lombardi, WWF Mediterranean Director.

With possibly one exception (Montenegro), every country in the Mediterranean region has now moved from ecological creditor to debtor status, and demand more of Earth's than are locally available. Countries meet their ecological deficits through trade and overexploiting their own .

The study also found that in less the 50 years, the nearly tripled its demands for ecological resources and services, and increased its ecological deficit by 230 percent.

The higher the income of a country, the greater was its demand for ecological resources and services (and the higher its per capita consumption). Three countries alone contributed more than 50 percent of the region's total Footprint in 2008: France (21 percent), Italy (18 percent) and Spain (14 percent).

Algeria experienced the largest change in national ecological assets balance, moving from a large reserve in 1961 to a large ecological deficit in 2008. Syria, Tunisia and Turkey also shifted from ecological creditor to debtor status during this period, while the other Mediterranean countries saw a worsening of their ecological deficits.

Portugal was the sole country to have significantly narrowed its ecological deficit in recent years (an 18 percent per capita decrease between 1998 and 2008). But the country's per capita deficit is still higher than the regional average.

Explore further: Mankind using Earth's resources at alarming rate

More information: www.footprintnetwork.org/med

Related Stories

China's ecological footprint continues to grow

November 15, 2010

The spread of consumerism among China's burgeoning middle class is behind the rapid growth of the Asian giant's environmental footprint, a conservation group said Monday.

Mediterranean Sea invaded by alien species

May 23, 2011

More than 900 new alien species have been encountered in the coastal environments of the eastern Mediterranean Sea in recent decades, including the poisonous pufferfish. The invasion of alien species has had the consequence ...

Humanity falls deeper into ecological debt: study

September 20, 2011

Humankind will slip next week into ecological debt, having gobbled up in less then nine months more natural resources than the planet can replenish in a year, researchers said Tuesday.

Recommended for you

Study calculates the speed of ice formation

August 3, 2015

Researchers at Princeton University have for the first time directly calculated the rate at which water crystallizes into ice in a realistic computer model of water molecules. The simulations, which were carried out on supercomputers, ...

'Snowball earth' might be slushy

August 3, 2015

Imagine a world without liquid water—just solid ice in all directions. It would certainly not be a place that most life forms would like to live.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.