Team GB only likely to clock up 46 medals in Olympic Games in Rio 2016—Mathematical formula predicts medal haul

Sep 19, 2012

Team GB is only likely to clock up 46 medals in the Olympic Games in Rio in 2016, say researchers who used a mathematical formula three years ago to predict performance for London 2012, and came up with a medal haul of 63.

In the end, Team GB won 65 medals in London, so the prediction was only out by two.

The formula, published in the , is based on all cities and countries that have hosted the since World War II and the number of medals awarded to competitors from each country.

The approach, known as logit regression, takes into account medal tallies achieved before, during, and after hosting the Games, and includes the impact of home advantage.

The formula suggests that the odds of winning medals when hosting the Games, roughly doubles (2.05). So looking at the average tally for Britain's athletes since produces a figure of 31, which when multiplied by 2.05, indicates 63.5 medals.

Home advantage has little or no influence on sports that are objectively judged, such as athletics, swimming and . But it does seem to have a role in sports that are either subjectively judged such as boxing, equestrian/dressage and , or those which rely on subjective decisions, such as team games, say the authors.

Team GB made 13 medal gains in subjectively assessed sports in , compared with Beijing in 2008, but only a five medal gain in objectively assessed sports.

"Anecdotal evidence suggests that the crowd had a positive effect on athletes to raise their performance, but also, based on these results, crowds appear to have had an important effect on influencing officials to favour the home based performers, and hence increase their medal winning capacity," write the authors.

Historically the medal haul has dropped off in hosting nations by the time of the next Games, the figures show.

The formula reduces the odds of winning medals to 1.46 without the home advantage, so multiplying that by 31 gives a total medal haul for Team GB of 45 or 46 medals in Rio in 2016, roughly the same as the tally in Beijing in 2008.

Funding will clearly be important in helping to temper this decline, say the authors, who note Prime Minister David Cameron's pledge to maintain funding for elite sports, but add that "the current and projected economic situation presents some stern challenges."

The authors emphasise that Team GB's accomplishments were "a testament to the achievements of athletes and their coaches" and a "source of delight and pride for spectators."

But they add: "However, it seems unlikely that even maintained funding can make up for the benefits of a partisan London crowd."

Explore further: Professor quantifies how 'one thing leads to another'

More information: Congratulations to team GB, but why should we be so surprised? Olympic medal count can be predicted using logit regression models that included home advantage, Online First, doi 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091719

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Olympic success: Intangible benefits worth up to $3.4 billion

Dec 06, 2011

At the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic Games, when Canadians roared with delight at a medal haul that placed the country at an "all-time, all-nation Winter Olympics record of 14 gold medals," athletes did more than win gold–they ...

Ancient Olympians glorified gods and community

Jul 26, 2012

As the 2012 Summer Olympic Games open in London on Friday (July 27) with an internationally televised glitzy ceremony, including a parade of more than 10,000 athletes from around the world who will compete ...

Recommended for you

When it comes to how pizza looks, cheese matters

1 hour ago

Most consumers have an idea what they want their pizza slice to look like. Golden cheese with that dark toasted-cheese color scattered in distinct blistery patches across the surface with a bit of oil glistening in the valleys. ...

Freedom and responsibility of science

7 hours ago

Yesterday, the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Leopoldina National Academy of Sciences presented their recommendations for "The Freedom and Responsibility of Science" in Berlin. Both research organizations appeal ...

Feeling bad at work can be a good thing

11 hours ago

(Phys.org) —Research by the University of Liverpool suggests that, contrary to popular opinion, it can be good to feel bad at work, whilst feeling good in the workplace can also lead to negative outcomes.

User comments : 0