New photo ID laws may impact key elections, hurt minority voter turnout, study suggests

Sep 13, 2012

(Phys.org)—Election turnout among young people of color, including African Americans, Latinos and Native Americans, may drop by nearly 700,000 voters in states with new photo ID laws, a decline potentially impacting presidential contests in the battleground states of Florida and Pennsylvania, according to a report released today by the Black Youth Project.

Completed by Jon C. Rogowski, PhD, an assistant professor of political science in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, and Cathy Cohen, a University of Chicago professor, the report found that turnout among young minority voters in states with new restrictive ID laws could fall below 2004 and 2008 levels. The projections include Blacks, Latinos, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders.

"We know from a variety of recent studies that and people of color – especially – possess state-issued photo identification cards at much lower rates than whites," said Rogowski, who teaches a course on American political institutions at Washington University.  "These new photo identification laws, then, are likely to significantly reduce overall levels of turnout among young people, and especially among young people of color."

According to the study's estimates, as many as 700,000 young people of color may not participate in the November elections as a result of the photo ID laws recently adopted by various states. The new laws may impact the presidential contest, as well as at least 15 competitive House races across the country where photo identification requirements will likely disproportionately impact minority voters, Rogowski said.

"Whatever the motivations behind the implementation of these new requirements, it is difficult to overlook the fact that turnout among these populations surged in the 2008 presidential elections," Rogowski said. "The photo ID laws may have direct electoral implications. Not only could they dilute the political potency of young people of color, but they also have the potential to shift outcomes in competitive races. Control of the White House and the Senate could be at stake."

In Florida, a crucial battleground state in the presidential race, voters are required to show photo identification or some other form of ID that displays a signature. More than 100,000 youths of color in the state could be demobilized by these new voting requirements - far more votes than separated George W. Bush and Al Gore in the 2000 presidential election.

"Voter turnout among young people may be significantly reduced because of these laws," said Cohen. "The demobilizing effects of these new laws are likely to be greater among young people of color than for young whites. We estimate that between 538,000 and 696,000 young people of color may be demobilized by photo ID laws that dilute the influence of young voters of color at the ballot box, potentially shifting outcomes in competitive races."

Over the last two years, more than two-thirds of the nation's 50 states have sought to increase restrictions on the kinds of identification that citizens must show before being allowed to vote, according to the report. As a result, nine states now have laws requiring citizens to show government-issued photo identification before casting a ballot. Eight other states enacted similar measures, but offer a limited set of alternatives for those without IDs. Only two of these laws were enacted prior to the 2008 election.

Some of the photo ID proposals have been defeated or denied. For instance, the U.S. Department of Justice invoked the Voting Rights Act and refused to grant clearance to laws passed in South Carolina and Texas, and the Wisconsin law was declared unconstitutional earlier this year. Legal action is ongoing in other states, including Pennsylvania, with civil rights and social justice organizations offering strong opposition to the measures that are likely to restrict voting.

"Engaging young people–our future leaders–in the political process and motivating them to vote should be among our highest priorities as a democracy," said Marc H. Morial, president and CEO of the National Urban League. "While we are disheartened to see the apparently systematic way in which the minority youth vote is being undermined, we are committed to meeting this assault with redoubled efforts to ensure that everyone who is eligible to vote can and does vote. Nothing less than the future of our political process is at stake."

Judith Browne Dianis, co-director of the Advancement Project, expressed concern over the laws. "The voting booth is the one place in America where everyone has an equal voice," said Browne Dianis, whose organization is engaged in the legal battles over the photo ID laws in the states. "It's wrong for politicians to manipulate election laws for their own partisan gain. These photo ID laws have a disproportionate impact on people of color, so if we want our country to live up to its democratic ideals, then our voting system must be free, fair and accessible to all eligible Americans."

Meanwhile, the report estimated that if 's photo identification law is upheld by the State Supreme Court, 37,000 to 44,000 young people of color may stay home or be denied the right to vote, significantly influencing the state's presidential contest.

While these laws are likely to disproportionately demobilize all youth of color, they may have more severe consequences for young blacks. Citing data from the Brennan Center for Justice at the New York University School of Law, the report said that 11 percent of American citizens don't have government-issued photo identification such as a driver's license, state ID card, military ID or a passport. But only nine percent of whites lacked photo identification, compared with 16 percent of and 25 percent of blacks.

"African Americans possess photo IDs at lower rates than other people of color, but black youth also exhibited the greatest increase in voter turnout in 2008 compared to 2004," Cohen said. "These laws, therefore, create additional challenges for sustaining high levels of participation among African American and other youth of color and highlight the need for campaign, community and civic organizations to devote increased efforts to mobilizing young voters of color in November as well as contesting these laws over the long run."

The entire report can be downloaded at: research.blackyouthproject.com… nd-Photo-ID-Laws.pdf.

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User comments : 27

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geokstr
2.9 / 5 (21) Sep 13, 2012
Oh, this Prof Cathy Young, who has donated $4,600 to the election campaigns of Obama since 2007?
http://www.opense...cohen%2C cathy&state=IL&zip=&employ=&cand=&c2012=Y&c2010=Y&c2008=Y&sort=N&capcode=f4ysg&submit=Submit your Donor Query

I'm certain that we can trust her "unbiased" "research" in this area.

Funny how the delegates, press and visitors to the Democratic convention had to show photo ID to get in, non? In order to buy alcohol, tobacco, get food stamps, get welfare, take a plane, cash a check, apply for a job, and many other other mundane everyday activities, you have to have a photo ID.

But apparently Democratic voters never do any of those things, so they must be exempted from requirements everyone else in the real world must put with.

ryggesogn2
2.5 / 5 (16) Sep 13, 2012
"These photo ID laws have a disproportionate impact on people of color, "
So 'colored' people are too stupid to be able to figure out how to get an ID?
A photo ID is required to do just about anything in the US today. How do these 'colored' people buy their cigarettes and beer without a photo ID?

This 'study' is just another smoke screen to allow 'liberals' to commit voter fraud, the only way they know how to stay in power.
obama_socks
1.9 / 5 (13) Sep 14, 2012
Why is it always about race, skin color, and culture that are the alleged barriers for obtaining a picture as a legal document that would easily identify a citizen's right to vote for their favorite candidate?

Those three reasons for a citizen's inability to vote because s/he doesn't have the proper identification due to them are poor excuses and only serve to prolong the fallacy that colored people have special needs and/or have a bias against their legal right to vote.

It would be understandable if Caucasians were not also required to have picture I.D.s, but that is not the case, and Caucasians are not necessarily better off just because their skin is light.

This "poor me" attitude for and by people of color in order to draw sympathy and therefore get laws overthrown to avoid being identified as to voting eligibility is getting old and motivated by stupidity on the part of those who are clearly angling to remove barriers to fraud in the voting place.
{contd}
obama_socks
1.7 / 5 (11) Sep 14, 2012
Perhaps it is time for the new "facial recognition" cameras and databases to be put in use in voting places everywhere in the country if they are available now. That would take care of the lack of identification excuses and each image would be transmitted to a national database so that no person can vote twice or more times in any election when his/her face image has been recorded already with the first vote.
One would think that this idea would have been thought of already in order to allow voting for all eligible citizens, but also to prevent voter fraud.

Perhaps it would be a good idea for people to advise their Board of Elections office to find out if that technology is available to them. Certain U.S. cities are planning to use that face recognition and database tech in order to identify criminals on the streets of their city.
Doug_Huffman
3.5 / 5 (8) Sep 14, 2012
More back-door racist gun control. Without identification documents a gun cannot be obtained through a federal licensee, forcing the undocumented into neighborhood backstreets for abort -ahh- gun purchases.
TheGhostofOtto1923
2.4 / 5 (29) Sep 14, 2012
Perhaps it is time for the new "facial recognition" cameras and databases to be put in use in voting places everywhere in the country if they are available now. That would take care of the lack of identification excuses and each image would be transmitted to a national database
Well perhaps they could just scan them with scanners? You know like they use at NASA where you (don't) work and so are (not) aware of?

It's funny - pussycat/Obie hates big brother/big govt and yet wants a HUGE govt-maintained database of faces which could identify anyone on any traffic cam.

Maybe you should think your ideas before posting them pussy? Ah but then you would probably have nothing to say. I still think it is a good idea.
TheGhostofOtto1923
2.4 / 5 (28) Sep 14, 2012
One would think that this idea would have been thought of already in order to allow voting for all eligible citizens, but also to prevent voter fraud.
Yeah it was. By liberals like your buddy Obama.
http://en.wikiped...n_system

-Like I say, every post a 'kick me' sign.
obama_socks
1.3 / 5 (12) Sep 14, 2012
So, I see that Theghostofotto1923 has arrived in this thread to make a fool of himself again and again. My profession is none of Blotto's business nor where I work, but he chooses to follow me and Estevan57 around because he has succeeded in banishing PussyCatEyes and all the other user names that Blotto is desperate to pin on us, as a result of his mental illness. As I am none of those other people, Blotto continuously wastes his time looking for them That's fine with me. I am only using this name until just after the November election and then I will return to using my primary name which Blotto has no knowledge of.

In any case, facial recognition technology has not been suggested yet for voting places. If it had, then the article would not be mentioning any inability for colored people to vote due to lack of picture I.D.
They would only have to walk into the building, get their picture taken, sign the book and then vote. Do you understand that much, Blotto? Pointy-headed Blotto.
obama_socks
1.6 / 5 (7) Sep 14, 2012
Blotto apparently didn't read his Wikipedia link much and didn't comprehend it.
It says:
"In the 2000 presidential election, the Mexican government employed facial recognition software to prevent voter fraud. Some individuals had been registering to vote under several different names, in an attempt to place multiple votes. By comparing new facial images to those already in the voter database, authorities were able to reduce duplicate registrations.[11] Similar technologies are being used in the United States to prevent people from obtaining fake identification cards and driver's licenses."

That's in M-E-X-I-C-O, Blotto. NOT in the U.S.of A. except for seeking out criminals in crowds within certain cities and avoiding fraudulent drivers' licenses.
Everyone on Physorg knows about your trouble comprehending information, and how you are anxious to attribute your problem on other people. Blotto
TheGhostofOtto1923
2.7 / 5 (19) Sep 15, 2012
My profession is none of Blotto's business nor where I work,
-Well you come here and expose yourself and drop these incredible lies and expect people not to make fun of them? That's unrealistic.
but he chooses to follow me and Estevan57 around because he has succeeded in banishing PussyCatEyes
-Thanks. And piro and ritchieguy as well. RIP. But as the 2 (1) of you are lying flooding dimwits, you're everywhere aren't you? Otto is no stalker.
In any case, facial recognition technology has not been suggested yet for voting places.
...so the dumfuk posts first and then reads the article...
That's in M-E-X-I-C-O, Blotto
...and thinks it is still worthwhile to argue, which only makes her look like more of a dumfuk. Perhaps people in the US failed to take note of events in Mexico because they do not speak spanish? But they do speak Spanish in Britain or Australia or pennsylvania or the state Dept -?

This is the only explanation I can come up with. You insipid moron.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3 / 5 (18) Sep 15, 2012
I am only using this name until just after the November election and then I will return to using my primary name which Blotto has no knowledge of.
-As if your particular brand of premium grade lying, flooding, stupidity wouldn't be instantly recognizable, as with pirouette and Ritchieguy and russkiye and pussycrap.

Even the lying stalker Esteban owns up to his suckuppets.
Jimee
2.6 / 5 (5) Sep 15, 2012
The Republi-klan James Crowe. Esq. are out to cleanse the voter rolls one more time. This is so blatant, so obvious, that it is a testament to the right wing propaganda machine that it even becomes a question.

MNIce
2.6 / 5 (5) Sep 15, 2012
Notice that the report says absolutely nothing about the data collection methodology, much less anything on the statistical reliability. The numbers are suspiciously similar to those put out by the partisan Brennan Center for Justice in a paper widely criticized for small sample size, biased questioning, and even more questionable data analysis. For example, there was no check to determine if the survey participants were even eligible to vote.

Other studies conclude that lack of a photo ID is not a significant problem. For example, an American University survey conducted in Indiana, Louisiana and Maryland showed that less than 0.5% of the voters lacked a government-issued photo ID.

If anything, Voter ID laws make it easier for the poor to obtain a photo ID. That is because the 24th Amendment prohibits poll taxes, so a photo ID requirement for voting automatically eliminates any fee for a government-issued basic photo ID card.
obama_socks
1.4 / 5 (10) Sep 16, 2012
That is correct. Thank you. Any American citizen can get the proper forms of picture I.D. in order to vote, cash checks and most other reasons, unless it's for the express purpose of obtaining a drivers license and registering a vehicle. Driver's licenses also require a picture for identification as a separate form due to the nature of certain tests that must be passed before such license is issued. College students are also issued picture I.D. Therefore, there is no excuse not to obtain a picture I.D. as long as any person in the U.S. who is eligible to vote can prove that s/he is a native born American citizen or naturalized. The people the article is about appear biased AGAINST any form of picture I.D. that would disable the ability to vote more than once in any election and are dutifully placing the blame for the lack of future voter turnout of minorities on the one-person one-vote and proof of eligibility to vote requirements. Facial recognition would solve the purported dilemma
obama_socks
1.4 / 5 (10) Sep 16, 2012
The Republi-klan James Crowe. Esq. are out to cleanse the voter rolls one more time. This is so blatant, so obvious, that it is a testament to the right wing propaganda machine that it even becomes a question.
--Jimee--

There is no such thing as a "right wing propaganda machine". There are only differing Conservative viewpoints, opinions and political movements to counter the "left wing Socialist/Communist propaganda machine and its agendas to continue with the destruction of this great country.
Jim Crow was always a Democrat, while the Party of Abraham Lincoln, (Republicans) has always been against slavery and racism. The KKK was comprised of southern Democrats and probably still is. It was the Democrats who were against voting rights for Blacks and established separate but equal schools and separate drinking fountains. We mustn't forget separate toilets and how Blacks were not allowed to eat in restaurants with Whites. All decided on by DEMOCRATS. Get your facts straight
obama_socks
1 / 5 (6) Sep 16, 2012
I see that Theghostofotto1923 is now calling me a "stalker" and claims that Estevan is me, as well as claiming that I'm female, which is completely false and laughable.
Deathclock once said that if he were female, he would be playing with his boobs all the time. Same here...(grin).
As far as me stalking Blotto, I was in this thread first, just like in many other threads.
Blotto is a very mentally sick person and I would have felt sorry for him, except for the fact that he never learns from his mistakes and continues to harass, try to intimidate with lies about people like me, while trying to make a big impression on other commenters when he posts links without reading them through, like the one above. I always read the article first...thoroughly, and post what I already know, which is considerable because I study and read a lot of books and other literature offline. I do NOT depend on Wikipedia as Blotto does, mostly because Wiki is often inaccurate and incomplete.
obama_socks
1 / 5 (6) Sep 16, 2012
In summation, I and many others who started posting in the early days of Physorg's creation, have been following Theghostofotto1923 and his sock puppets which are legion by now, if he happens to come into any thread in which we were commenting. There are many of us who registered within months of each other after 2004 and I use my primary name to discuss science topics along with them. Blotto doesn't go in those threads because he doesn't have the knowledge and wouldn't know what we were talking about anyway. He has been raging on and on about these people whom he has encountered in the past and now he believes in his deteriorating mind that I am someone else who has eluded him for their own reasons. I will just have to put up with Blotto's crap until after the November election. Hopefully, the Socialist will lose and a bright future is ahead for all Americans economically and job-wise.
At the voting places, look out for union thugs and others to try threats and intimidation.
TheGhostofOtto1923
2.6 / 5 (22) Sep 16, 2012
Hopefully, the Socialist will lose and a bright future is ahead for all Americans economically and job-wise.
Well jeez pussytard who then will be able to install your massive socialist face recognition voter-registration database and electronic systems which will cost the taxpayer $billions and endanger our individual freedoms? You know like in socialist Mexico and Europe?

You toad. Oh also let me remind you that you and your bf posted together under your pirouette and pussytard suckpuppets, by your own admission. So you are female at least some of the time.
packrat
2.3 / 5 (3) Sep 16, 2012
There are actually some actual citizens in the US that do have a problem getting an Id. The overwhelming majority of the time they are people born in the very early 1900's in places where birth certificates simply were not available or there has been some bureaucratic screw up where they are listed dead or something like that. These people are a very small minority anywhere here and that is no reason why everyone else should not have to show an ID to vote. They certainly have to show it for just about everything else in life.
FWIW, I do know an old lady that can't get a NC ID because she has never had a birth certificate. She was born in western NC in 1909. At the time her family lived about 100 miles from the nearest town with a magistrate and her birth was never registered in anything but a family bible. She has never had a drivers license or anything else that required an ID due to that.
ryggesogn2
2 / 5 (8) Sep 16, 2012
There are certainly ways to obtain the ID required. For example:
http://www.azdhs....irth.htm

How many people are born at home and NO documentation was ever noted in a church or school?

Compare that with the documented fraud that occurs even when people do have birth and death certificates.

How many in Iraq had valid IDs when they voted? The US could follow their example and make people vote in person and dip their fingers in ink.
packrat
1 / 5 (2) Sep 16, 2012
I doubt that would help this one even if she lived in that state. She was an only child, never went to school (can barely read and write),her family wasn't religious(she still isn't). She has also outlived everyone in her family and was never married. NO S.S. number either. As far as I can tell she literally has no way to legally prove who she really is. The only thing that keeps her going is the fact she inherited some money from her father directly about 20 years ago without any legal stuff involved. (Stuffed mattress inheritance) She lives with another old lady friend that has her own home. Odd coincidence I know but it happened. I'm sure it's rather rare though.
packrat
1 / 5 (2) Sep 16, 2012
continued. I don't really think it makes much difference in her particular case though as she doesn't vote anyway. To quote her reason "All politicians are the same. They are all thieves and only want to be in office so they can steal from us little people" With her having over 100 years of life experience I can understand why she thinks that way too.
obama_socks
1 / 5 (4) Sep 17, 2012
Hopefully, the Socialist will lose and a bright future is ahead for all Americans economically and job-wise.
Well jeez pussytard who then will be able to install your massive socialist face recognition voter-registration database and electronic systems which will cost the taxpayer $billions and endanger our individual freedoms? You know like in socialist Mexico and Europe?

You toad. Oh also let me remind you that you and your bf posted together under your pirouette and pussytard suckpuppets, by your own admission. So you are female at least some of the time.
--TheghostofBlotto1923--

Well, you certainly are persistent with your scandalous lies, Blotto. It seems that you just can't accept that you're a bloody fuckup and that your pussy and all the rest of your fantasies are no longer on this infernal website. You are also a shitmouth which is why people in this site don't want to talk to you, and you have to resort to talking to your sock puppets instead.
obama_socks
1 / 5 (4) Sep 17, 2012
As to a government-installed
"massive socialist face recognition voter-registration database and electronic systems", it won't be needed or used for Americans who already have a picture I.D., and that's the great majority of American citizens of voting age. In case you don't understand the definition of "great majority", it means the largest amount of people that fit in the category of those who are eligible to vote in an election and who can readily prove they are who they claim they are by submitting a picture I.D. prior to voting.
It is only in the case of those who wish to vote and would ordinarily be eligible to vote but don't have a picture I.D. to prove their identity as an American citizen, whose picture could be taken prior to voting and the picture placed into a nation-wide database so that multiple voting cannot take place. Obama and other Democrats for the most part do not want those pics taken of potential voting frauds, thus the article does not mention that part.
obama_socks
1 / 5 (4) Sep 17, 2012
When I give up this user name after the election in November, I will continue to use my primary name as I have been doing all along. If I deem it appropriate, I may invent another sock puppet to take the place of this one after I have deleted this account. All of your inane and insane rantings will go unheeded by me for the simple reason that you will never again recognize me as your victim and you will go on to seek out a new victim or two, just as you have followed me around with your shitmouth so that you could tell lies and impress no one because you are a known liar and accuser under false pretenses.
Many commenters on this site have known for years what you are - a mentally ill person whose insanity manifests itself well on this site due to your "anonymity" and your reliance on Google search in order to argue for or against a topic. You are a fraud and a phony in many orders of magnitude. You have also stalked a man who came to this site unaware of what you had in store for him.
obama_socks
1.7 / 5 (6) Sep 17, 2012
He admits to having taken you on a merry chase after him. He is right to say that whomever it is that is downrating you is ruling you and you have become their/his/her bitch. That is good...that is very, very good. Everyone who uses this site knows already that you have no knowledge of your own about the topics, and that you have to "look it up" first before posting anything. It is apparent that your "look-ups" very seldom match what is in the articles and that you too often come up with very outrageous information and that you don't comprehend what you have read, if you had actually read it at all. It's evident that you come from a dysfunctional family and it has caused you to be a very disturbed individual. But we look upon you as the joke of this website and have gotten many laughs out of you. We all know that you will continue as you are, and that will only increase the laughter. LOL
ryggesogn2
1.6 / 5 (7) Sep 17, 2012
"
Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."

How can this be enforced if there is no proof of age?