Guatemala volcano eruption draws tourists

Sep 14, 2012 by Alberto Arce
Volcanic ash spews from the Volcan de Fuego or Volcano of Fire as seen from Palin, south of Guatemala City, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. The long-simmering volcano exploded into a series of powerful eruptions Thursday, hurling thick clouds of ash nearly two miles (three kilometers) high, spewing rivers of lava down its flanks and forcing the evacuation of more than 33,000 people from surrounding communities. (AP Photo/Moises Castillo)

(AP)—The eruption of the long-simmering Volcan del Fuego terrified nearby villagers but it has become a major draw for visitors in the nearby colonial city of Antigua.

Tourists walking Antigua's cobblestone streets and visiting its baroque churches say they planned to get close to the volcano, which exploded on Thursday, to snap photographs. At the same time, Guatemalan authorities have ordered the evacuation of more than 33,000 people. Local media report about 5,000 have left so far.

Nilton Dasilva, a church group leader from Northfield, Illinois, said he decided to take a detour during a group trip to a nearby coffee plantation and try to get as close as safely possible to the volcano.

"Now that we know it erupted, we're going to try to stop on the way and maybe take some pictures," Dasilva said.

Villagers and farmers living at the foot of the volcano, however, were awoken Thursday by a massive roar during a series of eruptions that darkened the skies and covered surrounding sugar cane fields with ash.

"It thundered and then it got dark as the ash began falling," said Miriam Curumaco, a 28-year-old homemaker from the village of Morelia who had evacuated along with 16 family members to a makeshift shelter at a nearby elementary school. "It sounded like a pressure cooker that wouldn't stop."

The Volcan del Fuego, or Volcano of Fire, spewed rivers of bright orange lava down its flanks on Thursday, prompting authorities to order evacuations in 17 nearby communities. Many of those near the volcano are indigenous Kakchikeles people who live in relatively poor and isolated areas.

Hundreds of cars, trucks and buses, blanketed with charcoal gray ash, drove away from the volcano, which sits about six miles (16 kilometers) southwest of the colonial city of Antigua, toward Guatemala City. Thick clouds of ash reduced visibility to less than 10 feet in some areas. The elderly, women and children were evacuated in old school buses and ambulances.

But many people refused to leave their homes, said Jose Martinez, who volunteered the bus he uses as a shuttle at the nearby Grupo Pantaleon sugar cane plantation to move people away.

"Some people think that this will pass and others think their things won't be there when they go back," Martinez said.

A boy watch plumes of smoke and volcanic ash rise from the Volcan de Fuego or Volcano of Fire, as seen from Palin, south of Guatemala City, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. The long-simmering volcano exploded into a series of powerful eruptions Thursday, hurling thick clouds of ash nearly two miles (three kilometers) high, spewing rivers of lava down its flanks and forcing the evacuation of more than 33,000 people from surrounding communities. (AP Photo/Moises Castillo)

Authorities set up a shelter at an elementary school in Santa Lucia, the town closest to the volcano, and by Thursday night some 750 people had arrived. Most were women and children carrying blankets and going into bare classrooms.

Families mostly made up of small children and toddlers waited patiently as teachers who had volunteered to assist in rescue efforts took down names, deciding where they would sleep. Soldiers unloaded water, orange soda and food from trucks.

Carumaco, who was at the shelter with her family, said parents sent their children to school despite the darkening skies, but that classes were later cancelled and teachers walked them home.

"The kids were home by 10 a.m. They were laughing because they're too young to have seen something like this but they were also coughing and I was very worried," she said.

Guatemala's head of emergency evacuations, Sergio Cabanas, said the ash was blowing south-southeast, and authorities said the tourist center of Antigua, with a population of 45,000, was not currently in danger, although they expected the eruptions to last into Friday morning.

The emergency agency said lava rolled nearly 2,000 feet (600 meters) down slopes around the 12,346-foot-high (3,763-meter-high) Volcan del Fuego.

"A paroxysm of an eruption is taking place, a great volcanic eruption, with strong explosions and columns of ash," said Gustavo Chicna, a volcanologist with the National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology. He said cinders spewing from the volcano were settling a half-inch thick in some places.

He said extremely hot gases were also rolling down the sides of the volcano, which was almost entirely wreathed in ash and smoke.

There was a red alert, the highest level, south and southeast of the mountain, where, Chicna said, "it's almost in total darkness."

Guatemala's aviation administration said it had suspended all flights from the southern Mexican city of Tapachula to Guatemala City.

By Thursday evening, the ash plume had decreased to a little more than a mile high, partly due to heavy rain, which diminished the potential risk to aviation, said Jorge Giron, a government volcanologist. He said ash continued to fall heavily, however, and advised residents near the volcano but outside of evacuation zones to clean their water systems before using them, and to not leave their homes because of the ash.

He said a red alert would be in effect until 4 a.m. local time.

Teresa Marroquin, disaster coordinator for the Guatemalan Red Cross, said the organization had set up 10 emergency shelters and was sending hygiene kits and water.

"There are lots of respiratory problems and eye problems," she said.

Officials in the Mexican state of Chiapas, on the border with Guatemala, said they were monitoring the situation in case winds drove ash toward Mexico.

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1 / 5 (2) Sep 14, 2012
Mars has an atmosphere made up of 95% CO2. Why is it not extremely warm because of the 'Green House' affect?
2 / 5 (7) Sep 14, 2012
Mars has an atmosphere made up of 95% CO2. Why is it not extremely warm because of the 'Green House' affect?

Because Mars has only a thin, wispy atmosphere. In fact, it's so thin and barely noticeable, that it's about less than 1% as dense as the Earth's. If it were any thicker, then the temperatures on the surface of Mars would be higher.
5 / 5 (1) Sep 14, 2012
That and because Mars orbits at 1.5 AU, the strength of sunlight is (1.5)^2 = 2.3x weaker than at Earth.
2 / 5 (2) Sep 14, 2012
CO2 on Earth only accoubnts for 0.04% of the atmosphere. This seems unlikely that it could cause such a dramatic rise in temperature.
3 / 5 (2) Sep 14, 2012
Billicious: Your observations about CO2 are good ones.
KEY FACT you are missing is that the more atoms a molecule has, the more wavelengths of radiation it will interact with. Thus triatomic molecules like CO2, H2O,O3(ozone) dominate the radiative ( and hence the thermal) profile of an atmosphere composed of O2 and N2.
So why is mars so cold ? The earlier statements by Bracken and Sinister partially explain it but another KEY FACT is that as pressure increases each spectral line gets fatter and thus is able to interact with wavelengths both a little higher and lower than the central wavelength.... And martian atmospheric pressures are very low

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