Individual rights may be coming second to a notion of 'collective security' as agencies ramp up their use of information obtained through coercive means, a University of Melbourne study has warned.
Some law enforcement and integrity authorities have coercive powers to compel a person to provide evidence or produce documents.
The report, Has accountability kept up with the use of coercive powers information? analyses three cases:
- The matter of Mohammed Haneef, an Indian national wrongly accused by Australian authorities of providing support to a terrorist organization in 2007.
- The Victorian Office of Police Integritys handling of a 2011 complaint by the then Police Chief Commissioner, Simon Overland, against his deputy, Sir Ken Jones.
- A 2011/12 Commission of Inquiry into the New South Wales Crime Commission.
In some instances individual rights werent given due regard, as authorities sought to achieve collective security.
The report also highlights the inability of judges to properly test the veracity of information obtained through coercive means when it is used as intelligence.
It argues strong policies and procedures are necessary to minimize the risk of the illegal or inaccurate use of coercive powers information and to provide an adequate foundation for oversight and review.
In many instances, accountability has not kept up with significant changes in the use of information from coercive powers by law enforcement agencies, the report reads.
The report doesnt propose a specific model to address the identified shortcomings, but recommends a multi-faceted and inter-related accountability regime with routine, independent and properly informed oversight.
If accountability for the use of coercive powers information does not adapt to these changes then there is a continuing risk to individual rights, Mr Bonnici said.
Explore further: Why people believe undocumented immigrants cause more crime