Global warming winner: Once rare butterfly thrives

May 24, 2012 By SETH BORENSTEIN , AP Science Writer
This undated photo provided by Butterfly Conservation shows a brown Argus butterfly. Global warming is rescuing the once-rare small British butterfly, according to a study in the journal Science published on Thursday, May 24, 2012. (AP Photo/Butterfly Conservation, Keith Warmington)

(AP) -- Global warming is rescuing the once-rare brown Argus butterfly, scientists say.

Man-made climate is threatening the existence of many , such as the giant polar bear. But in the case of the small drab British butterfly, it took a species in trouble and made it thrive.

It's all about food. Over about 25 years, the butterfly went from in trouble to pushing north in Britain where it found a veritable banquet. Now the butterfly lives in twice as large an area as it once did and is not near threatened, according to a study in Friday's issue of the .

Decades ago, the brown Argus "was sort of a special butterfly that you would have to go to a special place to see and now it's a butterfly you can see in regular farmland or all over the place," said study co-author Richard Fox, an at Butterfly Conservation, a science and in the United Kingdom.

Global warming helping the brown Argus is unusual compared to other species and that's why scientists are studying it more, said study co-author Jane Hill, a professor of ecology at the University of York.

Biologists expect climate change to create winners and losers in species. Stanford University biologist Terry Root, who wasn't part of this study, estimated that for every winner like the brown Argus there are three loser species, like the cuckoo bird in Europe. Hill agreed that it's probably a three-to-one ratio of losers to winners.

As the world warms, the key interactions between species break down because the predator and prey may not change habitats at the same time, meaning some species will move north to cooler climes and won't find enough to eat, Root said.

"There are just so many species that are going to go extinct," Root said.

What makes the brown Argus different is that it found something new to eat, something even better than its old food, the less common rockrose plant, Hill said. The new food is a geranium and it is more widespread.

"It's almost like the whole of the buffet is now open to it," Hill said.

Explore further: Research challenges understanding of biodiversity crisis

More information: "Temperature-Dependent Alterations in Host Use Drive Rapid Range Expansion in a Butterfly," by R.M. Pateman; et al. Science: http://www.sciencemag.org

Journal reference: Science search and more info website

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NotParker
2.6 / 5 (10) May 24, 2012
Since around 1970, the air in the UK and Europe has gotten cleaner

On top of that, more sunshine is reaching the ground in the UK and the Netherlands.

I suspect that cleaner air has improved the lives of people and plants and may have have allowed the UK to warm up slightly.

http://sunshineho...erlands/

The AGW cult never mentions cleaner air leading to more sunshine.
gregor1
2.7 / 5 (7) May 24, 2012
OMG this is totally scary! What if they evolve into man-eaters and eat us all! Prove to me that this won't happen!
Vendicar_Decarian
3.4 / 5 (5) May 24, 2012
Gregor seems to live on some obscure fantasy planet where he can imagine there is all manner of false reality.

I call it planet Conservadopia.

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