US Earth observations, science and services are critical to society but are at risk

May 22, 2012

Earth observations, science, and services (Earth OSS) inform and guide the activities of virtually all economic sectors and innumerable institutions underlying modern civilization, according to a new study by the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Policy Program. The report also found that Earth OSS in the United States face considerable challenges because economic downturns and Federal budget deficits put efforts to build and maintain Earth OSS capabilities at serious risk.

The findings stem from an AMS Policy Program workshop, Earth Observations, Science and Services for the 21st Century, held in Washington, DC. Experts from academia, government and the private sector convened to examine challenges and opportunities facing Earth OSS, which support agriculture, energy, transportation, water resource management, public health, emergency response, insurance, national security and other foundations of society.

Earth observations reveal a wide range of characteristics and functions of our planet. We observe , surface conditions, ecosystems, agriculture, the built environment, and urban areas, all of which underpin U.S. social and economic well-being. Earth sciences consist of basic and applied analysis and experiments, in the lab, in the field, or in physical models, that increase our knowledge and understanding of the . Earth services include , preparedness and response, and decision support across key economic sectors.

The report concludes Earth OSS are a fundamental component of efforts to meet basic human needs such as providing food, shelter, energy, health and safety. At the same time, the opportunities for societal benefit from Earth OSS are ever-increasing.

"Earth observations, science, and services comprise one of this country's critical infrastructures," Bill Hooke, director of the AMS Policy Program, says. "Agribusiness, the energy industry, water resource managers, , financial markets, emergency managers, military commands, diplomats, and leaders of the world's nations all rely on Earth OSS. However, the benefits of Earth OSS are obscure to most, and many of the beneficiaries are unaware of their reliance on OSS."

Taken together, Earth OSS comprise a national asset that, if lost or degraded, will not meet future societal needs that span the whole of the national agenda.

"Given the nation's growing reliance on weather and climate information, efforts to expand our Earth OSS capability are virtually certain to broadly benefit the U.S. economy," says Paul Higgins, associate director of the AMS Policy Program. "We need strong and effective Earth OSS in the years ahead. That will require thoughtful national policies, improved collaboration among the public, private, and academic sectors, and robust funding for key OSS resources."

Explore further: Hurricane Edouard right environment for drone test (Update)

More information: The full report is available at the American Meteorological Society Policy Program Web site at www.ametsoc.org/oss

Provided by American Meteorological Society

5 /5 (1 vote)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Canadian ice hockey feels the heat

Mar 04, 2012

The future of Canadian outdoor ice hockey – a sport synonymous with the country's culture – is being threatened by anthropogenic climate change, new research suggests.

Scientists describe 'human world'

Sep 21, 2005

The internationally syndicated Earth & Sky Radio Series today announced the launch of a special report on its web site on what it calls "the Human World." In the report, 50 leading scientists describe the Human World from ...

Recommended for you

Tree rings and arroyos

9 hours ago

A new GSA Bulletin study uses tree rings to document arroyo evolution along the lower Rio Puerco and Chaco Wash in northern New Mexico, USA. By determining burial dates in tree rings from salt cedar and wi ...

NASA image: Agricultural fires in the Ukraine

10 hours ago

Numerous fires (marked with red dots) are burning in Eastern Europe, likely as a result of regional agricultural practices. The body of water at the lower left of this true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging ...

NASA marks Polo for a hurricane

11 hours ago

Hurricane Polo still appears rounded in imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite, but forecasters at the National Hurricane Center expect that to change.

User comments : 0