Commercial spacecraft speeds toward space station

May 22, 2012 By MARCIA DUNN , AP Aerospace Writer
The Falcon 9 SpaceX rocket is seen during a time exsposure as it lifts off from space launch complex 40 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Cape Canaveral, Fla., early Tuesday, May 22, 2012. This launch marks the first time, a private company sends its own rocket to deliver supplies to the International Space Station.(AP Photo/John Raoux)

(AP) -- Opening a new, entrepreneurial era in spaceflight, a ship built by a billionaire businessman sped toward the International Space Station with a load of groceries and other supplies Tuesday after a spectacular middle-of-the-night blastoff.

The of the Falcon 9 rocket and its unmanned Dragon capsule marked the first time a commercial spacecraft has been sent to the orbiting outpost.

Tracing a fiery arc across the , the rocket lifted off just before 4 a.m. and smoothly boosted the capsule into orbit. The capsule is expected to rendezvous with the space station within days, delivering a half-ton of provisions for its six crew members.

It is considered just a - in fact, the capsule was packed with only nonessential items, in case something went disastrously wrong - but if all goes well with this mission and others like it, commercial spaceships could be carrying to and from the space station in three to five years.

"Falcon flew perfectly!!" entrepreneur Elon Musk, founder of the SpaceX company, said via Twitter. "Feels like a giant weight just came off my back."

Musk later told reporters: "For us, it's like winning the Super Bowl."

Up to now, flights to the space station were something only major governments had done.

The White House offered congratulations.

"Every launch into space is a thrilling event, but this one is especially exciting," said John Holdren, President Barack Obama's chief . "This expanded role for the private sector will free up more of NASA's resources to do what does best - tackle the most demanding in space, including those of beyond low-Earth orbit."

NASA is looking to the private sector to take over flights to the space station now that the has been retired. Several U.S. companies are vying for the opportunity.

"The significance of this day cannot be overstated," said a beaming Charles Bolden. "It's a great day for America. It's actually a great day for the world because there are people who thought that we had gone away, and today says, `No, we're not going away at all.'"

Flight controllers applauded when the Dragon reached orbit nine minutes into the flight. Then they embraced once the solar panels on the craft popped open. Many of the SpaceX controllers wore untucked T-shirts, jeans or shorts, a stark contrast to NASA's suit-and-tie shuttle crowd.

A previous launch attempt, on Saturday, was aborted with a half-second left in the countdown because of a bad valve in one of Falcon's nine engines.

Another important test comes Thursday when the Dragon draws close to the space station. It will undergo practice maneuvers from more than a mile out. If all goes well, docking will occur on Friday. Musk will preside from the company's Mission Control in Hawthorne, Calif.

Since the shuttle's retirement last summer, American astronauts have been hitching rides to the space station aboard Russian rockets, and Russian, Japanese and European ships have been delivering supplies.

SpaceX has spent more than $1 billion on the project.

Musk, the 40-year-old entrepreneur who helped create PayPal and runs the electric car company Tesla Motors, has poured in millions of his own fortune, and NASA has contributed $381 million in seed money in a venture that has been likened to the public-private collaboration that built the Internet and won the West.

Even Musk's rivals were rooting for a successful flight.

"The shuttle may be retired, but the American dream of space exploration is alive and well," said Mark Sirangelo, chairman of Sierra Nevada Corp.'s space systems, which is developing a mini-shuttle to carry space station crews in a few years.

The Dragon capsule will stay at the space station for a week and then splash down in the Pacific, bringing back experiments and equipment. None of the other cargo ships now in use are designed to return safely; they burn up on the way down.

Two more Dragon supply missions are planned this year, regardless of what happens this week.

The rocket also blasted into orbit around the Earth the ashes of more than 300 people, including Mercury astronaut Gordon Cooper and actor James Doohan, who played Scotty on "Star Trek." The ashes were in a section of the rocket that was jettisoned during the climb into space.

Explore further: Red moon at night; stargazer's delight

More information: SpaceX: http://www.spacex.com

NASA: http://www.nasa.gov/offices/c3po/home/

Celestis Inc.: http://www.celestis.com

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User comments : 5

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CapitalismPrevails
1 / 5 (1) May 22, 2012
Congrats to SpaceX!
bottomlesssoul
5 / 5 (1) May 22, 2012
I love how the ISS is now referred to as an "outpost". It's not an endpoint but the next in a hopefully endless series.
Benni
3 / 5 (2) May 22, 2012
Interesting isn't it? What the 1% do with their money. Rather than give their money to governments to build spceships, they just build the spaceships themselves & head to the stars.
Vendicar_Decarian
not rated yet May 23, 2012
Meanwhile, back here in reality land.

They just build the spaceships themselves with Government money & get government to pay for their flights to a government owned space station.
Vendicar Dickarian
1 / 5 (1) May 23, 2012
Meanwhile, back here in reality land.

They just build the spaceships themselves with Government money & get government to pay for their flights to a government owned space station.


Nonsense. You need a fact checker. SpaceX is so well funded that they could easily operate without any of that government money.

On the other hand, what company would turn down free cash from any client?

You seem to be unaware that they have a positive cashflow and clients from all over the world.

While a truly exciting and monumental achievement for a company with only a couple hundred employees, they could walk away from this tomorrow and be just fine.

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