Creative play grows critical thinking in children

Apr 10, 2012 By Pepita Smyth

(Phys.org) -- Parents take heart – the alarmingly abstract masterpieces produced by your children could be teaching them how to reason like an adult.

A research project just completed by Murdoch University lecturer Caroline Nilson has suggested that encouraging artistic expression in children may play a key role in establishing skills.

Ms. Nilson observed the artistic endeavors of 150 children from four local schools who participated in the Mandurah Stretch Festival, a major regional arts festival that uses arts and culture to connect the community.

She then surveyed a group of teachers and to explore their perceptions on how the children’s critical thinking skills had developed during the four month project.

“Surveyed teachers and parents agreed that at the start of the project the participating children were very passive, waiting for information to be poured into them,” said Ms. Nilson.

“However by the end of the project we saw the children had grown confidence in their artistic decisions and had learned a great deal about action and consequence, which are both signs of critical thinking.

“This study has shown that critical thinking abilities are developed in children as young as eight and nine years of age through engagement in creative arts.

“Every child needs to have critical thinking dispositions and abilities to survive in today’s rapidly changing world.”

Ms. Nilson, who completed the research as part of her Masters degree, is calling for teachers, parents and community leaders to recognise the vital role of art in the development of young children.

“The role of the arts in the community must be considered more seriously,” Ms. Nilson said.

“More must be done to fund and expand the arts to be accessible to all segments of the community and it is vital that home, education and community environments are focused on the early development of critical thinking abilities in young children.

“Currently art is thought of as an ‘add-on’ in the school curriculum but it should be considered as vital as mathematics or English in a child’s learning development.

“Art is not just about creating charming pictures to hang on the wall; it is actually the process of thinking creatively which is so important.

“Kids should have the confidence and freedom to follow their imaginations rather than producing something perfect and representative for their portfolios.

“However not all primary school teachers have been trained to draw out the creativity of children and many schools do not have a dedicated art teacher.”

Ms. Nilson hopes to see more emphasis on the importance of specialised art teachers in schools and the involvement of artists in community projects.

“Children are losing the ability to play freely and express themselves creatively, and this may have real consequences for developing their future skills in critical thinking,” she said.

“The re-visioning of arts programs that incorporate the development of critical thinking in primary school children could translate into good outcomes for all our Australian .”

Explore further: Could suburban sprawl be good for segregation? Low-density neighborhoods more likely to stay integrated

Provided by Murdoch University

3 /5 (2 votes)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

The kids are alright

May 26, 2011

Children should be seen and not heard... who says? A Philosophy academic at The University of Nottingham is challenging the adage by teaching primary school children to argue properly.

Email link to boys' popularity

Oct 14, 2011

Surveyed boys who used email at home were brighter and more popular than boys who did not – according to a recent study by an educational psychologist from Curtin University.

Eyes are windows to more than a child's soul

Sep 01, 2011

Nearly 80 percent of what children learn during their first 12 years is through their vision. Though vision problems may seem easy to identify, they actually can be difficult for parents to discern. Still, parents need to ...

'Motherese' important for children's language development

May 06, 2011

(Medical Xpress) -- Talking to children has always been fundamental to language development, but new research reveals that the way we talk to children is key to building their ability to understand and create ...

Don't look now - I'm trying to think

Mar 07, 2012

Children with autism look away from faces when thinking, especially about challenging material, according to new research from Northumbria University.

Recommended for you

Surveys may assess language more than attitudes, study says

2 hours ago

Scientists who study patterns in survey results might be dealing with data on language rather than what they're really after—attitudes—according to an international study involving the University of Colorado ...

User comments : 0