At Toyohashi University of Technology the intriguing properties of graphenea single atomic-layer of carbonsuch as high electron mobility and fluorescence quenching are being exploited for biosensing and analysis of nucleotides, peptides, and proteins.
Graphene could also play an important role in the modelling of cell membranes. For example, the lipid bilayer is the fundamental structure of cell membranes, and the structure and dynamic of bilayer membranes govern the transport of materials and information in and out of cells.
Ryugo Tero and his colleagues in the Graphene Research Group at Toyohashi University of Technology have established a new procedure to fabricate artificial planar lipid membranes on graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) as a means of detecting biomolecules such as lipids and proteins on and inside lipid bilayers.
An aqueous solution of GO was prepared by chemical exfoliation and dropped onto a thermally oxidized and cleaned SiO2/Si substrate (Fig.1A). The resulting GO/SiO2/Si was incubated in a vesicle suspension of phospholipid (dioleoylphosphatidylcholine: DOPC). Subsequent observation with an atomic force fluorescence microscopy (Fig.1B) and revealed the presence of two planar DOPC bilayer membranes stacked on GO with the assistance of calcium ion (5 mM), and that the DOPC bilayers on GO were fluid and continuous with the surrounding DOPC bilayers on the bare SiO2 surfaces (Fig. 1C).
Lipid bilayer/monolayer stacking structures were obtained on hydrophobic r-GO, which was produced by reducing GO with hydrazine vapour. Artificial lipid bilayers on graphene and its derivatives could be a new cell membrane model system for the researche on fundamental processes in cell membrane reactions.
These results will be a part of the presentation in MRS (Material Research Society) Spring Meeting 2012 at San Francisco on April 12 (Symposium EE: New Functional Nanocarbon Devices).
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More information: Y. Okamoto, et al. 'Fabrication of Supported Lipid Bilayer on Graphene Oxide," IOP Journal of Physics: Conference Series (in press).
K. Tsuzuki, et al. 'Reduced Graphene Oxide as the Support for Lipid Bilayer Membrane,' IOP Journal of Physics: Conference Series (in press).