Scientists see red on NASA cuts of Mars missions

Feb 27, 2012 By SETH BORENSTEIN and ALICIA CHANG , AP Science Writers
In this photo taken on Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2012, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA administrator, Charles Bolden, third from right, checks out a replica of the Mars Science Laboratory rover at NASA' Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. President Barack Obama's proposed budget calls for a 20 percent cut in NASA's planetary budget, forcing a restructuring of the Mars exploration program. Far left, Richard Cook, Deputy Project Manager Mars Science Lab Mission. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes)

NASA said Monday it's not giving up on Mars, but it'll have to get there later and at a lower price.

Earlier this month, the president's budget canceled joint U.S.-European robotic missions to Mars in 2016 and 2018. Now top science officials say they are scrambling to come up with a plan by the end of the summer for a cut-rate journey to the red planet in 2018.

NASA sciences chief John Grunsfeld said he thinks there's a better than even chance that NASA will not miss the 2018 opportunity. That's when Mars passes closest to Earth, something that only happens once every 15 years. It offers a chance at fuel cost-savings and the ability to send up more equipment.

Agency officials who met with upset scientists on Monday seemed intent on salvaging a program that took some of the deepest science spending hits in the president's budget. Until this month, NASA had been ramping up its Martian ambitions.

Meanwhile, this summer, the most high-tech rover ever, Curiosity, will land near the in search of the chemical building blocks of life. The more scientists study Mars, the closer they get to answering whether once existed there, a clue to the ultimate question: Are we alone?

Two years ago, President stood at and said it was more of a priority than going to the moon. He wanted astronauts there by the mid-2030s.

But the two upcoming missions were then canceled along with the most ambitious Mars flight yet - one the endorsed as the No. 1 solar system priority. That was a plan to grab and soil and bring them back to Earth. Now that's "not an option" given the current budget, Grunsfeld said.

Mars researcher Steve Squyres of Cornell University, who headed the national academy panel said if NASA couldn't make progress on a , the space agency should think about moving on to the next priorities, such as visiting Jupiter's .

"We're really at a crossroads," NASA planetary sciences chief Jim Green said.

NASA said it doesn't quite know what a reconfigured 2018 mission would look like, but it would be cost-capped at $700 million and it won't be landing. If it's lucky, it may orbit Mars.

After Curiosity lands in August, the next NASA Mars surface mission is probably close to a decade away, Grunsfeld said.

To scientists, the message from the White House seems simple: Bye-bye, Mars.

If Obama's budget sails through as outlined, "in essence, it is the end of the Mars program," said Phil Christensen, a Mars researcher at Arizona State University. It's like "we've just flown Apollo 10 and now we're going to cancel the Apollo program when we're one step from landing," he said.

Stanford University professor Scott Hubbard, who used to run NASA's Mars programs, said Mars researchers at the Monday meeting "were just sitting there sort of stunned and depressed."

It's not that NASA officials don't think Mars is worth exploring further; it's just that they don't think they can afford it anymore. Obama has proposed cutting 10 other federal agency budgets this year including Defense, Homeland Security and Education. NASA's 0.3 percent budget cut was among the smallest. In fact, the $28.3 billion cuts to the Defense Department dwarf NASA's entire $17.7 spending plan for 2013.

"We're trying to identify a way to (explore Mars) in these very difficult fiscal times," NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said last week at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., the epicenter of Mars research.

Researchers are partly to blame because they promise to do a mission cheaply and when they get approval, costs soar, said Alan Stern, a former NASA sciences chief. He called it "committing suicide in slow motion" and said it's been happening in the Mars program since 2006. An even more over-budget space telescope forced more cuts to NASA science.

The Curiosity mission costs $2.5 billion - almost $1 billion over budget.

Many scientists believe the life question can only be answered by examining Martian samples back on Earth and that astronauts should not set foot on Mars before that happens. Stern said: "We are probably back to being 15 to 20 years from a Mars sample return."

If NASA ignores Mars for a decade, it runs the risk of a brain drain, said Ed Weiler, who resigned last year as NASA's sciences chief because of budget battles over Mars.

"Landing on Mars is a uniquely American talent and there aren't too many things that are uniquely American," Weiler said.

In 19 tries, Russia has had little to no success when it comes to Mars. The European Space Agency currently has a spacecraft circling the planet but its lander crashed. NASA has had six Martian failures during its 20 tries.

The Europeans are talking to the Russians and Chinese to replace the U.S. in the upcoming missions.

Earthlings have been captivated by Mars since the 1900s when amateur astronomer Percival Lowell saw what looked like canals. The life question was tackled by the twin Viking spacecraft, which landed in 1976. Their rudimentary experiments failed to turn up signs of life and NASA lost interest.

After a 1992 return attempt failed, NASA came up with a blueprint for Mars: Each mission followed up on discoveries found in the previous flight, and all focused on water, a key element for life.

"It's become a more interesting planet every time we go back there," said Wesley Huntress, who spearheaded the new program and went on to run NASA's sciences division.

Explore further: A guide to the 2014 Neptune opposition season

More information: NASA's Mars program: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/

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enigma13x
4 / 5 (4) Feb 27, 2012
maybe we just need to hint to the government that al-qaeda is hiding up there with a few weapons of mass destruction then we might get a little bit more funding
Osiris1
1 / 5 (1) Feb 27, 2012
Naaahh, the Chinese will land there and find some kind of Satan bug there that is like the Andromeda Strain in the old movie about a horrible pandemic from space. Then they will import it to earth and hold the world hostage once they develop a vaccine for it and copyright and patent and trademark it so no one will legally be able to protect themselves but them. Our Supreme court and the republicans will side with the Chicoms on this just like they did with the fishy decision to stop closure of the barge canals from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi in order to treasonously allow water exports from the lakes to China on Chinese super tankers that will simply load up on the water in New Orleans and return thru their Panama Canal that they are widening. That canal widening project was originally designed to accomodate the large Chinese aircraft carriers. It will also allow oil tankers to carry all that Canadian tar sand oil to China.
ROBTHEGOB
5 / 5 (3) Feb 28, 2012
We will go to Mars; Obama will be long gone, and the troglodytes in Congress will be long gone. China will wake us up pretty soon: they will go to the moon and Mars, and watch the panic begin; then we will get serious about proper federal funding of science and technology. America always has to have a crises to wake us up.
MPJ
5 / 5 (1) Feb 28, 2012
NASA made a big mistake by side-stepping the life on Mars question after Viking and concentrating on geology and ancient water only - nothing which can fascinate the crowds. Now they wonder why nobody is really interested in Mars!?
By the way: the Viking biology experiments - other than stated in the above article - did pick up signs of microbial life ( see http://gillevin.com/mars.htm ) but the NASA scientific community decided to not follow up on this due to the failure of another intrument to detect organics which is now heavily questioned (see http://pubs.acs.o...c071972t )!
baudrunner
1 / 5 (1) Feb 28, 2012
Picture this: a city in the round. You are on the perimeter and you need to get to the inner ring road on the other side. You don't go around the long way and head straight towards the center to your destination. You go straight to the inner ring road and then around to your destination.

Same concept regarding space exploration. The further out you go, the more there is to see and do and the more costly it gets to go anywhere. That could be construed as a pitfall of sorts.
ShotmanMaslo
1 / 5 (1) Feb 28, 2012
Obama has proposed cutting 10 other federal agency budgets this year including Defense, Homeland Security and Education. NASA's 0.3 percent budget cut was among the smallest.


Accounting for inflation, it is 3-4 % in real money.
Skepticus
3 / 5 (2) Feb 28, 2012
Spending and obscene amount of money on wars for oil control and nuclear monopoly in the Middle East is so much more fun and profitable to the buddies that put and keep you in the White House, than giving it to the geeky jerks in labs...unless what they tinker with will eventually lead to or benefit better bunker busters, better missiles and planes, of course.
Shootist
1 / 5 (1) Mar 01, 2012
Scientists see red on NASA cuts


Serve 'em right for trusting in a bureaucratic leviathan for their life's work.