First elucidation of cause of long-term stability deterioration in solid oxide fuel cells

Nov 24, 2011
Figure:Dumbbell type oxygen vacancy clusters in a C-type rare earth structure

NIMS and the University of Queensland Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, the Dalian Polytechnic University, and the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, clarified for the first time the cluster structure which has an extremely large effect on the long-term stability of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) for independent distributed power generation.

Dr. Toshiyuki Mori, Group Leader of the Hetero-interface Design Group, Battery and Field, Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Materials Science (GREEN), National Institute for Materials Science (Japan), and Dr. Zhipeng Li, a Postdoctoral Researcher at GREEN, in joint research with Prof. John Drennan of the University of Queensland Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis (Australia), the Dalian Polytechnic University (China), and the Dalian Institute of , Chinese Academy of Science (China), clarified for the first time the cluster structure which has an extremely large effect on the long-term stability of (SOFC) for independent distributed power generation. This result was achieved by transmission electron microscope (TEM) observation and computer simulation based on the results thereof.

Active development of fuel cells for home use and large-scale generating systems using SOFC has been underway up to the present. However, while it was possible to manufacture devices which sufficiently satisfied performance requirements, elements of instability remained from the viewpoints of reliability and life, and these were major obstacles to practical application.

In this experiment, the nanoscale defect structures of high performance specimens and specimens which exhibited serious deterioration in performance were observed using a high resolution (TEM), and their distinctive features were then analyzed in . This research ascertained for the first time that a “new oxygen defect cluster structure” which has a structure different from the “oxygen defect (oxygen vacancy) cluster structure” long considered to be the cause of reduced performance, forms in the material, triggering a phase transition, and this has a negative impact on the reliability and durability of fuel cells.

Various puzzling phenomena in SOFC, had been un-explained until now. These are (1) reason why a crystal phase transition occurs together with performance deterioration, (2) reason why adequate reliability cannot be maintained, etc., and they can be interpreted rationally using a model of this oxygen defect cluster structure. As a result effective solutions to these problems can be proposed based on , and the development of high performance, high reliability, long life SOFC materials for use in independent distributed generation is expected to become possible.

These research results were published online on November 7 in “Rapid communications” in the journal of the American Institute of Physics, Physical Review B.

Explore further: Can perovskites and silicon team up to boost industrial solar cell efficiencies?

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

TEAM Project Achieves Microscopy Breakthrough

Sep 06, 2007

The highest-resolution images ever seen in (S)TEM electron microscopy have been recorded using a new instrument developed jointly by U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, FEI Company and CEOS GmbH, in Heidelberg, ...

Recommended for you

New insights found in black hole collisions

Mar 27, 2015

New research provides revelations about the most energetic event in the universe—the merging of two spinning, orbiting black holes into a much larger black hole.

X-rays probe LHC for cause of short circuit

Mar 27, 2015

The LHC has now transitioned from powering tests to the machine checkout phase. This phase involves the full-scale tests of all systems in preparation for beam. Early last Saturday morning, during the ramp-down, ...

Swimming algae offer insights into living fluid dynamics

Mar 27, 2015

None of us would be alive if sperm cells didn't know how to swim, or if the cilia in our lungs couldn't prevent fluid buildup. But we know very little about the dynamics of so-called "living fluids," those ...

First glimpse inside a macroscopic quantum state

Mar 27, 2015

In a recent study published in Physical Review Letters, the research group led by ICREA Prof at ICFO Morgan Mitchell has detected, for the first time, entanglement among individual photon pairs in a beam ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.