US technology companies, led by Microsoft, topped a league table of the world's 25 best multinational workplaces released Thursday by a New York-based human resources consultancy.
"Microsoft is at the top of the list because it believes that spreading a trust-based culture is the right way to do business, independent of size, national culture or industry," said Jose Tolovi of Great Place to Work.
Software developer SAS, network storage provider NetApp and search engine Google held down second, third and fourth place, followed by courier FedEx, networking specialist Cisco, Mariott hotels and McDonald's restaurants.
Top among European companies were British drinks group Diageo at 11, German building equipment manufacturer Hilti at 15, and Spanish telecoms operator Telefonica at 17.
No Asian companies made the list. "Asia is still a relatively new area for us," Tolovi told AFP by email. "We expect that Asia-based multinationals will show up on future Great Place to Work world's best lists."
American Express, at 12, was the only financial institution to make the grade, at a time when big banks are coming under fire from the Occupy Wall Street movement and its global offshoots.
"These companies are very good examples of profitable businesses built in conjunction with their employees and not in spite of them," said Tovoli, who is global chief executive of Great Place to Work.
The rankings were based on opinion surveys of employees in 45 countries about their workplace culture, and on questionnaires to human resources departments about their policies and practices, Tovoli said.
While Great Place to Work advises corporations on how to become better workplaces, Tovoli said its rankings are not limited to those that are its clients.
Explore further: Mixed reaction as US House passes patent reform