Livestock sellers should provide more information about disease risk, say researchers

September 22, 2011

University of Warwick Scientists from the UK research councils’ Rural Economy and Land Use program say that better information for buyers could provide the key to controlling many endemic livestock diseases.

They argue that anyone purchasing should be fully informed about the health status of the herd from which they are buying and about any known risks. If provision of this data were mandatory, they say, any such risks would drive down prices. Thus, farmers would have a much greater incentive to eliminate disease in their herds.

The interdisciplinary team, all from Warwick University, has been investigating the links between the political, biological and epidemiological aspects of common livestock diseases. These so-called “endemic” diseases cost farmers money and have adverse effects on animal welfare. Yet they persist within herds, and in groups of herds that are linked by animal movements, people and equipment. The pathogen may survive in carrier animals that show no symptoms, within the environment, or in wild animals that come into contact with livestock.

Most of these endemic diseases – such as Johne’s Disease and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis - have a low political profile and are regarded as “industry problems”. The result is that there is no concerted action to tackle them.

But the researchers think that they should be taken more seriously, and their “endemic” status should be challenged. They would like to see government resources being allocated in response to real impacts of different diseases, rather than because of their label.

Professor Graham Medley who led the research explained: “These diseases have economic and welfare implications, but they persist because there is insufficient incentive to get rid of them.

“In order to eliminate any disease of livestock, there has to be collective effort and that requires some compulsion. Otherwise there will inevitably be some farmers who freeload – enjoying the benefits of reduced risk to their own herd, but not contributing either financially or in terms of effort.

“But the Government could also exploit market forces as an incentive and better information would be an efficient means of doing this. If we could eliminate the philosophy of “caveat emptor” and employ prices as an additional tool in the armoury against livestock disease that would be a very positive step forward.”

Explore further: How farm animals 'feel' contributes to productivity

Related Stories

Key to controlling deadly viruses in bat community

February 15, 2011

CSIRO research into how bats can host some of the world’s deadliest viruses without suffering any ill-effects themselves will lead to improved strategies for controlling the spread of bat-borne diseases.

Mother and kid goat vocals strike a chord

May 11, 2011

(PhysOrg.com) -- Mother and kid goats recognize each other’s calls soon after the mothers give birth, new research from Queen Mary, University of London reveals.

Recommended for you

Researchers design first artificial ribosome

July 29, 2015

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University have engineered a tethered ribosome that works nearly as well as the authentic cellular component, or organelle, that produces all the proteins ...

Studies reveal details of error correction in cell division

July 29, 2015

Cell biologists led by Thomas Maresca at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with collaborators elsewhere, report an advance in understanding the workings of an error correction mechanism that helps cells detect and ...

Researchers discover new type of mycovirus

July 29, 2015

Researchers, led by Dr Robert Coutts, Leverhulme Research Fellow from the School of Life and Medical Sciences at the University of Hertfordshire, and Dr Ioly Kotta-Loizou, Research Associate at Imperial College, have discovered ...

Stressed out plants send animal-like signals

July 29, 2015

University of Adelaide research has shown for the first time that, despite not having a nervous system, plants use signals normally associated with animals when they encounter stress.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.