Korean researchers making progress on 3D OLED screens

September 1, 2011 by Bob Yirka report
Autostereoscopic 3D display. Image: NPG, doi:10.1038/ncomms1456

(PhysOrg.com) -- With the recent rise in popularity of 3D movies at the theater, consumers quite naturally have begun to wonder about what’s being done to bring such technology to their smartphones and better yet, the big flat screen TVs in their living rooms. As it stands now, most viewers that wish to watch 3D movies, whether at home or the theater, must wear some type of 3D eyeglasses. This is unfortunate, because most would prefer to watch without having to don the goofy looking accessories.

Such viewers are likely then to get excited about the new technology that is currently being developed in South Korea. There a team of scientists have figured out a way to use tiny prisms to bend light in optical devices so that different images are shown to each eye, thus producing a 3D effect. The team, a consortium of scientists from Seoul National University, Act Company and Minuta Technology, have published the results of their research in .

Their idea involves the use of a microscopic sized array of prisms stuck on to a sheet of plastic to facilitate a filtering effect that reflects the light being emitted by the diode below it. The concept works because it doesn’t need to be backlit as is done with LCDs. Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) instead use organic compounds that light up when a small amount of electricity is applied to them. The prism array, called by the researchers a Lucius prism (Latin for bright) allowed the research team to create a display that showed an image that could only be seen when looked at from a certain angle, meaning that all of the emitted was directed together in a new direction, a key component in creating a 3D screen. The team also created a screen that displayed two different versions of the same, but slightly altered, image at the same time; one image for the left eye, the other for the right, creating for the viewer the sensation of depth, without the need for special eyeglasses.

The array created by the team is just 4 centimeters square, which is obviously too small for practical use, but the team believes they can scale it up to television size given more research time. And because the team used what amounts to a simple plastic to make the screen, it’s possible the final result will be flexible as well, opening the door to the creation of all sorts of new display devices.

Explore further: 3D TV -- Without the Glasses (w/ Video)

More information: Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays, Nature Communications 2, Article number: 455 doi:10.1038/ncomms1456

Abstract
Directional and asymmetric properties are attractive features in nature that have proven useful for directional wetting, directional flow of liquids and artificial dry adhesion. Here we demonstrate that an optically asymmetric structure can be exploited to guide light with directionality. The Lucius prism array presented here has two distinct properties: the directional transmission of light and the disproportionation of light intensity. These allow the illumination of objects only in desired directions. Set up as an array, the Lucius prism can function as an autostereoscopic three-dimensional display.

via Scientific American

Related Stories

3D TV -- Without the Glasses (w/ Video)

October 29, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- Even with "active shutter" 3D technology for television sets, the wearing of special glasses is still required in order to get the proper experience. They aren't those red and blue or red and green 3D glasses ...

Prism-patterned screen brings paradigm shift to 3D displays

March 23, 2010

(PhysOrg.com) -- A team of engineers from Taiwan seems to have overcome one of the most persistent challenges of 3D display technology, which could enable them to produce a cinematic 3D display with superior quality compared ...

Microsoft working on glasses-free 3D display (w/ Video)

June 13, 2010

(PhysOrg.com) -- Although today's 3D displays require viewers to wear special glasses, many research groups are working toward glasses-free 3D displays. Most recently, Microsoft’s Applied Sciences Group has demonstrated ...

Recommended for you

Researchers build bacteria's photosynthetic engine

July 29, 2015

Nearly all life on Earth depends on photosynthesis, the conversion of light energy into chemical energy. Oxygen-producing plants and cyanobacteria perfected this process 2.7 billion years ago. But the first photosynthetic ...

Scientists unlock secrets of stars through aluminium

July 29, 2015

Physicists at the University of York have revealed a new understanding of nucleosynthesis in stars, providing insight into the role massive stars play in the evolution of the Milky Way and the origins of the Solar System.

Rogue wave theory to save ships

July 29, 2015

Physicists have found an explanation for rogue waves in the ocean and hope their theory will lead to devices to warn ships and save lives.

Short wavelength plasmons observed in nanotubes

July 28, 2015

The term "plasmons" might sound like something from the soon-to-be-released new Star Wars movie, but the effects of plasmons have been known about for centuries. Plasmons are collective oscillations of conduction electrons ...

2 comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

antialias_physorg
3 / 5 (2) Sep 01, 2011
There a team of scientists have figured out a way to use tiny prisms to bend light in optical devices so that different images are shown to each eye, thus producing a 3D effect.

This is new? I saw something like this at a medical imaging trade show 10 years ago. The drawback of the prism architecture is that you have to be at a certain distance from the screen. Move slightly closer or further away and the 3D effect is lost (something that isn't a problem with 3D glasses).

Choose your posion: Either be condemned to not move during the movie or wear goofy glasses. Neither solution seems optimal.
Pete1983
not rated yet Sep 02, 2011
This is new? I saw something like this at a medical imaging trade show 10 years ago. The drawback of the prism architecture is that you have to be at a certain distance from the screen. Move slightly closer or further away and the 3D effect is lost (something that isn't a problem with 3D glasses).


I agree completely. These attempts at 3d that don't require the use of glasses are ridiculous. At least with the glasses it will work from various angles, as opposed to these systems that require your head to be in the right place.

This reminds me of when Kryten got turned into a human on red dwarf and asked how does one enable the zoom function in our eyes, and Lister's response was "we move our head closer to the object". This isn't the same as that... but it was funny, and kind of related I guess!

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.