Trip to rainforest yields new way to degrade plastic

Aug 02, 2011
Trip to rainforest yields new way to degrade plastic
Yale undergrads, including Jon Russell, Class of 2011, discovered organisms with Amazon Rainforest plants which can degrade plastics. The undergrads' discovery is featured in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Organisms discovered by Yale undergraduates growing within fungi in the Amazon Rainforest can degrade polyurethane, a findings that may lead to innovative ways to reduce waste in the world's landfills.

The paper, accepted for publication in July by the journal , is the work of undergraduates who participated in Yale's Rainforest Expedition and Laboratory course, funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

"This shows amazing things can happen when you let undergraduates be creative," said Kaury Kucera, postdoctoral researcher in the department of and biochemistry and co-instructor of the course.

Students taking the course search for and collect organisms called endophytes found in rainforest plants and then take them back to New Haven to test them for biological activity.   Students analyze the endophytes that show biological activity to see whether they might have other medical or other social uses.

On the 2008 trip to Equador, student Pria Anand, Class of 2010, decided to see if the endophytes she collected could be used in bioremediation.  In a rudimentary test, Anand showed a chemical reaction did take place when an endophyte she found was introduced to plastic.

Trip to rainforest yields new way to degrade plastic
Organism within fungi in a rainforest plant shows evidence of bioactivity when exposed to polyurethane.

A second undergraduate of the same class, Jeffrey Huang, analyzed endophytes collected by other students on the 2008 trip to find those that broke down chemical bonds most efficiently.

Jonathan R. Russell, Class of 2011 then discovered that one family of endophytes identified by Huang showed the most promise for bioremediation. Russell went on to identify the enzyme that most efficiently broke down polyurethane.

While other agents can degrade , the enzyme identified by Yale students holds particular promise because it also degrade plastic in the absence of oxygen — a prerequisite for bioremediation of buried trash.

Also, a new group of undergraduates are analyzing newly discovered endophytes collected during recent rainforest trips to see if they can also degrade more intractable plastics such as polystyrene.

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that_guy
2.7 / 5 (3) Aug 02, 2011
Random funny thoughts that crossed my mind while reading this article.

just throw your plastic cups into the ol' compost heap.

Will today's plastics become tomorrow's fertilizers?

What if petroleum based plastics become more expensive as the supply of oil tightens...and instead of recycling what we have, we have already broken it down.

Or what if this fungus gets out and degrades all our plastic across the globe? leaky plastic cups, bumpers and mirrors falling off your cars. Rayon shirts disintigrating. plastic toys that break even faster.
gwrede
not rated yet Aug 03, 2011
Putting plastic eating microbes in landfills and waste disposal areas will proliferate them, in numbers and kinds. There is no way I can imagine them not moving to other areas.

It would be prudent to develop counter measures before that.

Years ago I saw a sci-fi horror flick about a 707 over the Atlantic, and everything made of plastic started to melt. A broken bacterium transport was the cause.

Of course the real problem we face is "plastic rust". That is, plastics decaying like iron. And the remedy might be as hard to develop as a microbe that would keep iron from rusting.