Connecting the dots: Nanoscale approach to biomaterials

Aug 08, 2011

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine are piecing together the process of tooth enamel biomineralization, which could lead to novel nanoscale approaches to developing biomaterials. The findings are reported online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dental enamel is the most mineralized tissue in the body and combines high hardness with resilience, said Elia Beniash, Ph.D., associate professor of oral biology, Pitt School of Dental Medicine. Those properties are the result of its unique structure, which resembles a complex ceramic microfabric.

"Enamel starts out as an organic gel that has tiny mineral crystals suspended in it," he said. "In our project, we recreated the early steps of enamel formation so that we could better understand the role of a key called amelogenin in this process."

Dr. Beniash and his team found that amelogenin molecules self-assemble in stepwise fashion via small oligomeric building blocks into higher-order structures. Just like connecting a series of dots, amelogenin assemblies stabilize of , which is the main mineral phase in enamel and bone, and organize them into parallel arrays. Once arranged, the nanoparticles fuse and crystallize to build the highly mineralized enamel structure.

"The relationship isn't clear to us yet, but it seems that amelogenin's ability to self-assemble is critical to its role in guiding the dots, called prenucleation clusters, into this complex, highly organized structure," Dr. Beniash said. "This gives us insight into ways that we might use biologic molecules to help us build nanoscale minerals into , which is important for restorative dentistry and many other technologies."

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Techno1
3 / 5 (1) Aug 08, 2011
Hopefully all of these technologies will manage to be developed soon.

Our economy is a wreck with the past 3 days of losses in the markets and so on.

Hopefully we will pass the curve into the nanotech future before universities and government funded research facilities lose their fundings.

We need more innovators who can partner with the scientists and inventors to discover all of the applications of these new technologies and develop marketable products which solve real world problems: Disease, food preservation, crop failure, manufacturing, new composite construction materials, etc.

The ability to re-grow your own teeth, perhaps from a DNA sample, would be nice. Yeah.

Dow Jones lost 10% in 3 days.

We need some sort of new, low-energy nanotechnology for production and medicine.

tarheelchief
not rated yet Aug 09, 2011
This could evolve into a new material for the production of welding bonds, laminated structural supports,and insulation for electric utilities.
Many successful applications from barnacles have been tried,and worked.