Movement of black holes powers the universe's brightest lights

Jul 20, 2011

Whether on their own or orbiting as a pair, black holes don't typically sit still.

Not only do they spin, they can also move laterally across their . And according to astrophysicists at Brigham Young University, both types of movement power massive jets of known as quasars.

The study, which appears in the current issue of , is the first to compute what may fuel some of the brightest persistent lights in the universe.

These spectacular jets stream out of galaxies that contain discs of debris and gas, the remnants of stars ripped apart by the force from .

"The black hole is like a generator spinning around in these magnetic fields," said BYU professor David Neilsen, lead author of the study. "The way the field lines get twisted around and pulled by the spinning black hole creates electromagnetic tension that gets turned into radiation and energy that goes out."

One black hole in the galaxy Centauras A propels radiation in a jet measuring 1 million light-years long.

The spin of black holes has been believed to play a role since the idea was put forward in 1977. The new study confirms this theory while also introducing a totally new component: that a black hole's lateral movement also powers these jets.

"Rotational contributes, but the simple movement like a billiard ball can also contribute to this," said BYU professor Eric Hirschmann, a co-author of the study. "The two processes don't compete with each other, they combine with each other to give you the overall energy that streams away from the black hole."

In other words, the biggest and brightest could come from black holes that both spin fast and traverse their host galaxy at high speeds.

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1.5 / 5 (8) Jul 20, 2011
Sorry, unless a blackhole is rotating no quazaric emissions are present. "Lateral" motion is meaningless unless rotation is present. No rotation: no polarity.

Non-rotating blackholes swallow up matter -> they don't emit anything.

Super-rotating blackholes generate magnetic field lines: north and south poles (polarity). Matter falling into a super-rotating blackhole follows the field generated by the blackholes spin causing radiation to escape from the poles (gamma rays as well as massive radiation).

Without close to light speed rotation no quazaric events are present.

In fact, without rotation "lateral" movement is undefinable.

Back to the drawing board professor.
1 / 5 (6) Jul 20, 2011
The biggest and brightest quasars could come from black holes that both spin fast and traverse their host galaxy at high speeds.

These two forms of motion are not complementary. Quasars are not caused by the blackholes "travel", rotation causes the quasar.

Quasars, on the other hand, do partially cause lateral movement.

You've got it all backwards.
1 / 5 (9) Jul 20, 2011
they spin, they . . . move laterally across their host galaxy . . . both types of movement power massive jets of energy known as quasars . . . is the first to compute what may fuel some of the brightest persistent lights in the universe


Ten years ago neutron repulsion was shown to be the energy source that energized nuclei of heavy atoms, stars, galaxies and prevents the formation of black holes.

References are in these two 2011 papers [1,2].

1. "Neutron Repulsion", The APEIRON Journal, in press, 19 pages (2011):

2. "Is the Universe Expanding?" The Journal of Cosmology 13, 4187-4190 (2011):


With kind regards,
Oliver K. Manuel
Former NASA Principal
Investigator for Apollo

4 / 5 (1) Jul 21, 2011
Lateral movement would tend to indicate that the galaxy was not rotating around the black hole. Since we keep hearing that galaxies rotate around the black hole there can not be very much lateral movement.

I do accept that a spinning black hole like any other body would have some precessional movement it would not be of any great significance. After all if the black hole affects the galaxy then the galaxy will affect the black hole.

But as the galaxy consists of so many stars and other black holes and dust etc. Then sum of effects would not be very significant in any sector.

Still I suppose a moving black hole will be chased by its galaxy across the universe perhaps never quite catching up.
5 / 5 (1) Jul 24, 2011
Oliver, stop your nonsense and give it up. You are having a hard time accepting your life has been a waste for the most part. It's hard to stop living a lie after a long time of living it(as you should know- you did molest your children for years while keeping it hidden and living the lie of being an honorable/respectable person)but its time for you to face the truth and realize you molesting your children is what people will remember about you the most.

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