Dolphins have ability to sense electrical signals

Jul 29, 2011 by Deborah Braconnier report
Dolphin
Source: Wkipedia

In a new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, researchers reveal the discovery of how the Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis, is able to sense electric fields of prey in the water using structures found on the animals head.

While electroreception is often seen in fish and amphibians, it is not common in . As a matter of fact, until this new research, the only mammal to show the ability to sense electric fields was the .

The researchers, led by Wolf Hanke from the University of Rostock in Germany studied some rare captive Guiana at a zoo in Muenster, Germany. When examining the rostrum of the dolphins, or the forward part of the head that contains the jaw, the researchers noticed small depressions. When one of the dolphins died, the researchers examined these depressions and found that they are crypts and hold when the dolphins are in the . These whiskers later drop off after the dolphin is born. It had been assumed these were just the depressions left after the whiskers were gone, but the researchers believed they were somehow still aiding the dolphin’s senses.

Turning to the remaining dolphin in captivity, the researchers trained the dolphin to rest it’s head on a platform fitted with electrodes designed to deliver electrical signals into the water. When the researchers delivered a signal, the dolphin was rewarded if it swam away. If there was no signal, the dolphin was rewarded for staying in place.

To prove that the signal was indeed being sensed through these crypts, the researchers then fitted the dolphins with a plastic shield that covered the crypts. With the shield in place, the dolphin did not move regardless of whether an electrical signal was present or not.

The Guiana dolphin is similar to the more commonly known bottlenose dolphin but lives off the east coast of South America. Similar to other toothed cetaceans, the Guiana dolphin hunts and locates prey using echolocation, or sound waves.

While echolocation is good for finding prey from a distance, it does not work well at close range. The Guiana dolphin routinely feeds at the bottom of the ocean where the water can be very murky. It is here that the researchers believe that electroreception comes in handy.

The researcher’s next plan is to examine other dolphin species to see if they too have the same ability.

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lovenugget
5 / 5 (1) Jul 29, 2011
Wicked! I wish i had this ability, with the addition of the ability to trasmit the signals so i could turn my computer on without pushing a button. In all seriousness this is a great find! It's amazing that the dolphins are cooperating with the research. Very smart animals. They probably don't appreciate us slicking their ecosystem with oil though :( in other news BP, Shell and Chevron all recorded record-breaking profits... 5% growth is considered very successful from a capitalistic standpoint- Chevron is reporting 51% in profit. Facepalm.
KBK
5 / 5 (2) Jul 29, 2011
I'm not so big on slamming oil corporations. I'm big on slamming the people behind them. Oil corporations are a front for something that is far uglier than they are.
Bob_WA
not rated yet Jul 29, 2011
Sorry lovenugget, you can't have that ability, because you don't live in an electrically conductive medium like seawater. (Neither can dolphins have computers like ours, because they live in an electrically conductive medium).
hush1
1 / 5 (1) Jul 29, 2011
Find the gene responsible this. That requires the entire genome sequencing of the Dolphin. The hypothesis is all vertebrates have a genetic variation of this.

More practical is tracing neuron pathways from the surface of this area to see if there is a pathway leading to the brain.

fMRI portables are available. Put them in waterproof encasing. fMRI dolphins.

lol Bob. Dolphins are smart. An ocean for a pc? No deal.