Could exoplanet be a haven for life?

May 16, 2011
An image released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) shows an artist's impression of the atmosphere around a super-Earth exoplanet, the name given to rocky exoplanets only a few times larger than our own. Gliese 581d, a rocky world orbiting a nearby star, has been confirmed as the first planet outside our solar system to meet key requirements for sustaining life, scientists say.

Scientists said on Monday a rocky world orbiting a nearby star was confirmed as the first planet outside our solar system to meet key requirements for sustaining life.

Modelling of planet Gliese 581d shows it has the potential to be warm and wet enough to nurture Earth-like life, they said.

It orbits a red dwarf star called , located around 20 from Earth, which makes it one of our closest neighbours.

Gliese 581d orbits on the outer fringes of the star's "Goldilocks zone," where it is not so hot that water boils away, nor so cold that water is perpetually frozen. Instead, the temperature is just right for water to exist in liquid form.

"With a dense carbon dioxide atmosphere -- a likely scenario on such a large planet -- the climate of Gliese 581d is not only stable against collapse but warm enough to have oceans, clouds and rainfall," France's National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) said in a press release.

More than 500 planets orbiting other stars have been recorded since 1995, detected mostly by a tiny wobble in stellar light.

are named after their star and listed alphabetically, in order of discovery.

Until now, the big interest in Gliese 581's roster of planets focussed on Gliese 581g.

It leapt into the headlines last year as "Zarmina's World," after its observers announced it had roughly the same mass as Earth's and was also close to the Goldilocks zone.

But that discovery has since been discounted by many. Indeed, some experts suspect that the Gliese 581g may not even exist but was simply a hiccup in starlight.

Its big brother, Gliese 581d, has a mass at least seven times that of Earth and is about twice our planet's size, according to the new study, which appears in a British publication, The .

The planet, spotted in 2007, had initially been dismissed as a candidate in the hunt for life.

It receives less than a third of the Earth gets, and may be "tidally locked," meaning that one side of it always faces the sun, which would give it permanent dayside and nightside.

But the new model, devised by CNRS climate scientists Robin Wordsworth, Francois Forget and colleagues, showed surprising potential.

Its atmosphere would store heat well, thanks to its dense CO2, a greenhouse gas. And the red light from the star would also penetrate the atmosphere and warm the surface.

"In all cases, the temperatures allow for the presence of liquid water on the surface," say the researchers.

For budding travellers, though, Gliese 581d would "still be a pretty strange place to visit," the CNRS said.

"The denser air and thick clouds would keep the surface in a perpetual murky red twilight, and its large mass means that surface gravity would be around double that on Earth."

Getting to the planet would still require a sci-fi breakthrough in travel for earthlings.

A spaceship travelling close to light speed would take more than 20 years to get there, while our present rocket technology would take 300,000 years.

Explore further: Eclipsing binary stars discovered by high school students

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NickFun
not rated yet May 16, 2011
It would take almost 20 years traveling at nearly the speed of light but only for the observer on Earth. For the traveler it would seem to take only a few months.
BillFox
not rated yet May 16, 2011
It would take almost 20 years traveling at nearly the speed of light but only for the observer on Earth. For the traveler it would seem to take only a few months.


True if the acceleration was extremely fast, but even if the technology existed to do so, the g-forces would kill most life that was aboard. All that energy to get to speed would be immense as well as the energy required to stop.
kevinrtrs
4 / 5 (1) May 17, 2011
Double the force of earth gravity...weighty matters indeed. Strong bones required.....atmosphere could prevent breathing properly without apparatus...
Can't get there in any case...not in one's own lifetime with current tech...
Interesting, nonetheless.
eachus
not rated yet May 18, 2011
True if the acceleration was extremely fast, but even if the technology existed to do so, the g-forces would kill most life that was aboard. All that energy to get to speed would be immense as well as the energy required to stop.

Run the numbers. An astronaut who accelerates for less than a year at one G in his frame of reference can get anywhere. Presumably, the astronaut will start to decelerate at the halfway point. But still--two years to anywhere if you have the fuel. Twenty years at one-tenth G, and so on.
BillFox
not rated yet May 18, 2011
True if the acceleration was extremely fast, but even if the technology existed to do so, the g-forces would kill most life that was aboard. All that energy to get to speed would be immense as well as the energy required to stop.

Run the numbers. An astronaut who accelerates for less than a year at one G in his frame of reference can get anywhere. Presumably, the astronaut will start to decelerate at the halfway point. But still--two years to anywhere if you have the fuel. Twenty years at one-tenth G, and so on.


That's a good point, I never ran any numbers and just instinctually assumed the energy would be immense and the time dialation would decrease too significantly to make a difference. Its quite a sharp curve regarding time dilation and speed. I only figured e=m^2 is it's stored energy since light speed is assumed.