Ghost city symbolises cost of nuclear disaster

Apr 06, 2011 by Richard Ingham
Cursed by the winds that blow from Chernobyl a few kilometres away, Pripyat is a snapshot of the astronomical cost of the world's worst nuclear disaster. And its fate stirs chilling thoughts for Japan, grappling with its own nuclear crisis in Fukushima.

"Careful -- do not touch anything with your bare hands!" warned the guide as we entered the kindergarten and our Geiger counter hissed like an angry rattlesnake.

On the floor and shelves were plastic cubes and teddy bears and kiddies' books, just the things you would expect to find in a children's playgroup.

But these toys were coated in a thick leprous white dust, for they had lain undisturbed for almost a quarter of a century.

And scattered among them were infant-sized gas masks.

Something terrifying had made the toddlers flee their innocent corner of the world. Their home, Pripyat, once a model city, had become the set for a true-life apocalypse movie.

Cursed by the winds that blow from Chernobyl a few kilometres (couple of miles) away, Pripyat is a snapshot of the astronomical cost of the world's worst nuclear disaster. And its fate stirs chilling thoughts for Japan, grappling with its own in Fukushima.

Pripyat's entire population of nearly 50,000 fled after Chernobyl's No. 4 reactor exploded in a devil's brew of caesium, strontium, iodine and plutonium on April 26, 1986.

"Pripyat was considered to be one of the best places to live in the Soviet Union," said Nikolai Fomin, a young Ukrainian who escorts visitors into the 30-kilometre (18-kilometre) exclusion zone around Chernobyl.

"It was considered a very happy place. It had good housing and schools, lots of young families, and the shops were filled with things you couldn't get elsewhere."

Pripyat's entire population of nearly 50,000 fled after Chernobyl's No. 4 reactor exploded in a devil's brew of caesium, strontium, iodine and plutonium on April 26, 1986.

Today, trees thrust through the tarmac of the long-untended roads. Grass grows between cracks in pavements, where dry leaves click metallically in the sour wind. Apartment windows stare down on the streets like dark, lidless eyes.

"Everything here was new, everything was modern," said Fomin. "Pripyat was only 16 when it died."

Occasional visitors come by bus for a lightning tour, equipped with radiation dosimeters, hand wipes and water with which to decontaminate boots and clothing when they leave. But other than that, there is not a soul.

"Animals come, but they are not afraid of humans," said Fomin.

The city's swimming pool echoes to the crunch of broken glass and tile underfoot. In a fairground, the yellow gondolas of a Ferris wheel -- due to have been inaugurated on May Day in 1986 but never used -- creak in the wind. Dodgem cars rust at the spot where they stopped after their last ride.

In the main square, a rusting Soviet hammer and sickle overlook the Hall of Culture. In a back room of what seems to be a community hall are stacked placards of Lenin and Soviet leaders that had been prepared for the May 1 parade but were never used.

A project to build a new sarcophagus over the damaged Chernobyl nuclear reactor lacks some 600 million euros of the 1.5 billion needed, a Ukrainian official said said last week. The concrete sarcophagus capping the reactor has developed cracks over the past 25 years and is not considered failsafe.

Resettling the people of Pripyat and other villages in the exclusion zone, sealing the crippled reactor, cleaning up the power plant, monitoring regions contaminated by fallout... the bill for Ukraine has been almost incalculable.

Even today, around five percent of its annual budget is devoted to Chernobyl-related benefits, including payment of a small sum, known darkly as "funeral money", to help people in contaminated regions buy clean food.

Belarus and Russia have also been badly hit. Together the three countries had relocated more than 330,000 people.

Up till 2005, the direct and indirect costs were "hundreds of billions of dollars", according to a 2005 report by the Chernobyl Forum, gathering those three countries, seven UN agencies and the World Bank.

In terms of the human toll and radioactive pollution, Fukushima is so far not remotely comparable with Chernobyl, said Malcolm Grimston, a nuclear specialist at Britain's Chatham House think tank.

But the duration of the evacuation zone around Fukushima remains unknown and the cleanup of the plant will surely last decades, he said.

Even today, around five percent of the Ukraine's annual budget is devoted to Chernobyl-related benefits, including payment of a small sum, known darkly as "funeral money", to help people in contaminated regions buy clean food.

The financial bill for Japan could eventually be comparable to , given the greater expense, disruption to business and higher cleanup standards compared to the former Soviet Union, he said.

"As a rule of thumb, the more developed the country, the higher the cleanup costs will be," said Grimston.

"However, it will be hard to separate out responsibility and costs between the earthquake, the tsunami and specific responsibility by TEPCO," the Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), which operates the No. 1 plant, he said.

In Tokyo, shares in TEPCO, have lost more than four-fifths of their value since the March 11 earthquake. On Tuesday, the price fell to a record low amid analysts' concerns it would face claims of more than 10 trillion yen (118 billion dollars/83 billion euros).

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User comments : 5

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Bob_Kob
1 / 5 (2) Apr 06, 2011
And yet japan took two nuclear weapons head on and is far from a barren wasteland.
antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (2) Apr 06, 2011
Bit of a difference here. The amount of nuclear material in a reactor is a few orders of magnitude more than in an atomic bomb.
Hieroshima bombs:
little boy: 64kg uranium
fat man: 6.2 kg plutonium

Chernobyl contained about 180 tons of nuclear fuel (of which about 7 tons were released in the explosion)

For comparison: There's about 2500 tons of fissile material stored at Fukushima (either in the reactors or in the cooling pools)

For a more complete explanation read this:
rerf.or.jp/general/qa_e/qa12.html
GDM
2.3 / 5 (3) Apr 07, 2011
Quote the industry: Nuclear power is safe.
add reality:...until it breaks...
ormondotvos
not rated yet Apr 07, 2011
Deaths from coal? Scary stories? Grim adjectives? funeral darkly leprous

Written by nuclear scaremongers. Wait until you see the relocation costs and starvation figures from global warming caused by coal and oil...
GDM
1 / 5 (2) Apr 07, 2011
No one ever had to relocate 330,000 people on a short notice, and leave a ghost town forever polluted because of dirty, nasty coal. I'm a nuclear power supporter, by the way. I just have some issues with the way the industry is run and regulated. One more point, the Japanese reactors in question have hundreds of tons of nuclear fuel at risk, and the hundreds of other nuclear plants around the world have thousands of tons more, just waiting for that single "unexpected" event. How are you going to deal with that? Fast breeders that create and use plutonium? Nice political statement that will make. What is the "acceptable level of risk" we are willing to take?

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