Though Tuesdays earthquake in New Zealand wasnt in itself surprising, the locality so close to southern New Zealands largest city did catch many off guard, said a Texas Tech University geophysicists and seismologist.
An earthquake measuring 6.3 rocked Christchurch three miles from the city center, and news reports have estimated 75 deaths with more than 100 people still missing.
The locality beneath Christchurch is definitely surprising, but everything else is not so surprising, said Hua-wei Zhou, the Pevehouse Chair and Professor of Petroleum Geophysics and Seismology in the Department of Geosciences. This is the sixth aftershock measuring 5.0 or more since the last big earthquake on Sept. 3, 2010.
Zhou explained that while the Sept. 3, 2010, earthquake measured 7.0 in magnitude, it happened in a relatively rural area 30 miles west of Christchurch and didnt cause as much damage. Because of the earthquakes location and the faults motion a strike-slip motion with plates grinding horizontally with some vertical movement also this may have intensified the damage in an already heavily populated area.
Because of the historical rarity of earthquakes in the city, Zhou predicted that the Christchurch area most likely wouldnt experience another earthquake for several years to decades.
In May 2008, Zhou led a team of six graduate students to deploy 60 seismometers near the Three Gorges Dam after an earthquake measuring 7.9 struck the Sichuan province in Central China. Zhou's research interests include improving seismic imaging methods and mapping mantle and crustal seismic structures of various regions.
Explore further: NASA balloons begin flying in Antarctica for 2014 campaign