Past Antarctic cooling may help studies of global warming

February 18, 2011
Past Antarctic cooling may help studies of global warming

(PhysOrg.com) -- Research led by Dr Amelia Shevenell (UCL Geography), published in Nature (9 February), shows that the Antarctic Peninsula is one of the fastest-warming places on Earth, experiencing dramatic regional climate change in recent decades, especially during La Nina years.

The long-term variability of the peninsula’s climate, however, has remained unclear, limiting researchers’ ability to evaluate ongoing changes in a historical context and to understand what part underlying forcing mechanisms might play.

The authors presented data from a marine sediment core, having reconstructed sea surface temperatures over the past 12,000 years. The data showed that long-term cooling of 3 to 4 degrees Celsius occurred in waters near the tip of the peninsula and was related to changes in local insolation, but that short-term variability was strongly influenced by westerly winds.

The research team proposed that the present influence of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) system on the may have developed only over the past 2,000 years. They went on to suggest that if ENSO increases in strength and frequency and the westerly winds move south and intensify, as expected from future climatic warming, this connection may strengthen, with implications for Antarctic ice-sheet stability and sea-level rise.

"In Antarctic science we have been missing good records of sea surface temperatures near the ice sheet," said Dr Shevenell. “We are starting to fill in the gaps."

Explore further: Antarctic losing ice at historic pace

More information: www.nature.com/nature/journal/v470/n7333/full/nature09751.html

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omatumr
2.7 / 5 (14) Feb 18, 2011
Congratulations!

Thanks for noting the distinction between long-term and short-term changes in climate:

"The data showed that long-term cooling of 3 to 4 degrees Celsius occurred in waters, but that short-term variability was strongly influenced by westerly winds.

Short-term probably covers the entire time span in Al Gore's story of global warming.

With kind regards,
Oliver K. Manuel
Egleton
2 / 5 (4) Feb 19, 2011
I saw the Al Gore movie.
It did not tell me anything that I did not already know.
Al Gore understood his target audience. It was not the high level scientists. He had to communicate with Joe Sixpac.
I guess that people are going to confuse the la Nina event with the climate catastrophe.
And then next year the poor brutes will forget again when el Nino hits.
The burning of carbon will become a capital offense.

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