Brain changes explain why teens have no fear

January 10, 2011

The brain undergoes changes in adolescence that suppress fearful experiences learned in childhood, said a study released Monday that could explain why teenagers act so brashly at times.

Scientists studied the responses of mice for clues about how would react to situations that resembled prior experiences that involved pairing of electric shocks and tonal noises.

When they compared how adolescent mice showed a freeze reaction, compared to younger and older mice, they found that the teenagers did not freeze at the same rate, and that they were suppressing their reactions to contextual fear.

An examination of the in the adolescent mice showed that the two areas of the brain associated with processing experiences of fear -- the basal amygdala and the -- were exhibiting lower levels of activity.

It wasn't that the teen mice failed to learn to be afraid, it was just that their brains weren't sending the same signals as the brains of baby or adult mice.

"Suppression of contextual fear and associated synaptic activity occurs as the mice transition into adolescence," said the study published in the .

"This temporary suppression of contextual fear was associated with blunted synaptic activity in the basal and decreased... signaling in the hippocampus," it said.

"Although contextual fear memories were not expressed during early adolescence, they could be retrieved and expressed as the mice transitioned out of adolescence."

While it might be exasperating for parents, the lack of could prove useful because it comes at a time when adolescents are exploring and testing the bounds of their independence, which they could not do if they were paralyzed by fear.

"From an evolutionary perspective, a temporary suppression of contextual fear during adolescence may prove highly adaptive, as it occurs just as the mouse transitions into higher exploratory behaviors away from the nest," the study said.

"For the early-adolescent rodent to exhibit high levels of contextual fear would likely prove maladaptive for exploratory behavior required for leaving the nest, exploring the surrounding environment, and becoming independent of the colony."

Further study of the way the brain suppresses fear could also be useful in treating phobias and anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress, said the research conducted by scientists at Cornell University, Brown University and the New York University School of Medicine.

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1 / 5 (1) Jan 10, 2011
"...the lack of fear response could prove useful because it comes at a time when adolescents are exploring and testing the bounds of their independence, which they could not do if they were paralyzed by fear."

Could prove useful? This is exactly its purpose, no could about it, and it's true for many if not all animals.
1 / 5 (1) Jan 11, 2011
My Darwinian take is the unchecked enthusiasm and fearlessness of youth spill over into early adulthood is what give us intrepid explorers and destroyers of old dogmas. Without this, we probably still cowers on trees. Surely, some will die from lack of ability in comprison to their intent, but as a whole, the human race benefited from these daring-dos more often than not. History is full of brashy "teenagers" (by modern standards and social pressures) who changed the status quo. But the gentorocratic elites these days are hell bent on hanging on to power with their falling teeth. When society grows old, feeble and legarthic, so will the civilization. All for the reassuring comfort of the old coots. They should know better. The old must die for the young to propagate.
1 / 5 (1) Jan 11, 2011
good too hear we acted the way we did because of brain activity and not because we were just too dumb to know better.
1 / 5 (1) Jan 11, 2011
Precisely why the military likes the young.

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