US creates new agencies for oil oversight

January 19, 2011
A photo taken in April 2010 shows fire boat crews battling the blazing remnants of the BP operated off shore oil rig Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. Three separate bodies will now oversee offshore oil resources, once handled by an agency whose poor management was exposed after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, US officials announced Wednesday.

Three separate bodies will now oversee offshore oil resources, once handled by an agency whose poor management was exposed after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, US officials announced Wednesday.

President had promised to overhaul the Minerals Management Service (MMS) after the April explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig leased by British giant BP off the Louisiana coast. The agency was denounced as dysfunctional and accused of being too close to the industry.

A recent report by the national commission that investigated the worst offshore oil spill in US history "underscores the need for deep structural and cultural reforms within the industry and to the regulations governing ," Interior Secretary Ken Salazar said.

Another report had uncovered improper practices in the MMS offices in the Gulf state of Louisiana, where officials allegedly accepted gifts from oil and gas companies.

"We have launched the most aggressive and comprehensive reforms to offshore oil and gas regulation in US history," Salazar said.

Renamed the Bureau of Ocean , Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) last June after the oil spill, the MMS will now be split into three agencies.

The first branch, whose launch was announced in October, is responsible for collecting taxes from mineral and oil exploitation. It's called the Office of Natural Resources Revenue.

Salazar said the other agencies were the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management -- handling permits and environmental studies -- and the Bureau of Safety and Environment Enforcement, responsible for enforcing safety and environmental regulations.

"The former MMS was saddled with the conflicting missions of promoting resource development, enforcing safety regulations, and maximizing revenues from offshore operations," said Michael Bromwich, the former director of BOEMRE, who will oversee the new agencies.

"The reorganization is designed to remove those conflicts by clarifying and separating missions across the three agencies and providing each of the new agencies with clear missions and new resources necessary to fulfill those missions."

The explosion of the BP-leased rig spewed a record 4.9 million barrels of toxic crude into the Gulf before the gushing Macondo well was capped three months later. Eleven workers were killed in the incident.

The environmental impact is still being felt in the region, where oil washed up on beaches, tainted fragile marshlands, caused the authorities to close down vast areas of water to commercial fishing and shrimping, and crippled tourism.

Salazar also announced the creation of a 13-member Offshore Energy Safety Advisory Committee, which will include scientists, engineers and university experts who will give recommendations to the agencies.

Explore further: US lifts Gulf of Mexico deepwater drilling ban

Related Stories

US lifts Gulf of Mexico deepwater drilling ban

October 13, 2010

The United States lifted a ban on deepwater drilling in the Gulf of Mexico imposed after the BP oil spill, but set operators tough new safety conditions, officials said.

BP failed to learn from past 'near misses': oil spill panel

November 17, 2010

BP's failure to learn from past "near misses" and its "insufficient consideration of risk" were major factors in the oil well blowout that led to the biggest US environmental disaster, a panel of US scientists concluded on ...

Fears grow that Gulf oil could strike Florida

May 18, 2010

BP reported further progress Tuesday in stemming the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, but new evidence showed part of the slick could be swept to Florida's beaches and sensitive coral reefs.

US sets up security zone around BP oil spill site

October 28, 2010

A security zone has been set up around the site of the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico to safeguard any evidence of the environmental disaster earlier this year, the Justice Department said Wednesday.

Panel: Gulf oil spill could happen again

January 6, 2011

(AP) -- Disasters like the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig could happen again without significant reform, according to the conclusions of a presidential panel that has the companies involved in the nation's largest ...

Commission won't be last word on Gulf oil spill

January 6, 2011

(AP) -- A presidential commission's conclusion on the largest offshore oil spill in history that decisions meant to save time and money created an unreasonable amount of risk won't be the final word on the disaster.

Recommended for you

'Farming' bacteria to boost growth in the oceans

October 24, 2016

Chemosynthetic symbionts are bacteria living inside or on the surface of animals, supplying their host with food that would otherwise be unavailable. It has long been known that these bacteria fix carbon and convert it into ...


Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

5 / 5 (1) Jan 19, 2011
I can only hope that there are people out there who are knowledgeable and not minions of the oil industry who can enforce safety regulations. If not, we will see this happen again.
not rated yet Jan 20, 2011
I've a feeling that this is simply window-dressing, although I could very well be wrong.

IMO, there is no reason why the former MMS couldn't have properly fulfilled its mission -it was just a question of available resources, and the political "culure"/will to fulfill its mission of regulation/permitting/collection.

If an Agency has been allowed to become a sinecure/playground through extremely lax, or even non-existent, oversight, then how does reconstituting it change anything?
not rated yet Jan 20, 2011
Uh, but why did their much-vaunted blow-out preventer NOT work ?? IIRC, that design, and its kin, are in use all over the world. At least the Gulf blow-out was close to infrastructure to assist clean-up, and had the warm Gulf Stream with its ample micro-fauna to digest the spill...

Though a dozen good men died horribly and the rig sank, it could have been much, much worse...
not rated yet Jan 20, 2011
Just what the US needs, more government agencies.
The entire concept of such govt regulation is flawed if efficacy and efficiency are the objectives.
Of course the real objective is political power to generate campaign 'donations'.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.