New method for simple fabrication of microperforated membranes

Nov 09, 2010

Microscopically porous polymer membranes have numerous applications in microfluidics, where they can act as filters, masks for surface patterning, and even as components in 3D devices in which the perforations in stacked membranes are aligned to form networks of channels for the flow of fluids.

In the AIP journal Biomicrofluidics, Hongkai Wu, a chemist at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and his colleagues describe a simple new method using just one photolithographic step to fabricate free-standing polymer membranes with neatly patterned holes as small as 10 microns in diameter.

The researchers start by designing the desired pattern on a computer and printing it on a transparency (for holes larger than 20 microns in diameter) or a chrome mask (for those smaller than 20 microns). "Then," Wu says, "we place two spacers on a flat substrate and between them add a few drops of a prepolymer" -- a molecule that can form into a polymer. The prepolymer is covered with the mask, which is pressed down onto the spacers; is then used to cure the membrane. The mask is then removed to reveal the free-standing, perforated membrane.

"Because our technique can fabricate membranes of with accurate sizes and in arbitrary shapes and sizes, and the fabrication is very easy and fast, we expect them to have many potential applications in different fields," says Wu. "These membranes can be directly used as masks to pattern inorganic, organic, and like proteins and cells, on various surfaces," he says.

"One important application of the membrane is that it makes it very simple to fabricate 3D microfluidic structures with channels running up and down through the , which are difficult to make otherwise."

Explore further: Shapeshifting plastics could revolutionize microrobotics and minimally invasive surgery

More information: The Article, "Fabrication of freestanding, microperforated membranes and their applications in microfluidics" by Yizhe Zheng, Wen Dai, Declan Ryan, and Hongkai Wu appears in the journal Biomicrofluidics. See: link.aip.org/link/biomgb/v4/i3/p036504/s1

Provided by American Institute of Physics

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danlgarmstrong
not rated yet Nov 10, 2010
"These membranes can be directly used as masks to pattern inorganic, organic, and biological materials like proteins and cells, on various surfaces"

Could this be a way to make materials that can do 'functions' like a biological organism can? I am envisioning something like a clear substrate with microchanels and tiny reactor chambers with an enzyme or catalyst that could split water and then pass the hydrogen to another chamber and combine it with carbon split from CO2. Hang the material in a sunny location, and just from sun and air and water vapor it produces fuel!