Birds of a feather may not always flock together

November 12, 2010
Birds of a feather may not always flock together
Photo by Minette Layne.

( -- DNA mutation rates are the deciding factor in the battle of the birds, which sees songbird species disproportionately outnumbering other bird orders, according to research from The Australian National University.

Researchers have long wondered why some groups of organisms boast more species than others. Work carried out in the ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment sheds light on this problem. The research reveals that in is directly linked to the rate of genome , that is, how quickly changes in DNA occur.

Dr. Robert Lanfear from the Research School of Biology, who led the research team, said that the study’s results confirm that when a bird species is split into two separate populations by a physical barrier, such as a mountain range, the rate at which the two populations diverge to become separate species depends on the mutation rate.

“It has been shown before that species that accumulate more changes in their DNA tend to diversify more quickly. But is it changes in the DNA that cause speciation, or speciation that causes changes in the DNA? Our study suggests that, at least for , it’s the changes in DNA that cause speciation,” he said.

“From an evolutionary perspective, this takes us one step closer to understanding why some groups of organisms have more species than others,” said Dr. Lanfear.

“Our research has shown that part of the answer to this mystery may be because lineages with faster mutation rates, such as songbirds, diversify more quickly.”

The paper, ‘Mutation rate is linked to diversification in birds’ is published in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Explore further: Study: Birds going extinct at faster rate

Related Stories

'Great speciators' explained: It's intrinsic

January 26, 2009

New molecular research shows that birds within the family Zosteropidae—named white eyes for the feathers that frame their eyes—form new species at a faster rate than any other known bird. Remarkably, unlike other rapid ...

Recommended for you

Study suggests fish can experience 'emotional fever'

November 25, 2015

(—A small team of researchers from the U.K. and Spain has found via lab study that at least one type of fish is capable of experiencing 'emotional fever,' which suggests it may qualify as a sentient being. In their ...


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.