US, Australia sign space surveillance deal

Nov 08, 2010 by Dan De Luce

Australia and the United States on Monday signed an agreement to cooperate in surveillance of space, possibly expanding the reach of a US military network tracking satellites and space junk.

The US military increasingly relies on satellites for navigation, targeting, secure communications and intelligence gathering, and strategists worry about the potential for collisions, as well as China's investments in defence technology.

" and the United States shared a deep concern about the increasingly inter-dependent, congested, and contested nature of outer space," the two sides said in a statement, after annual security talks.

The countries "acknowledged that preventing behaviours that could result in mishaps, misperceptions or mistrust was a high priority," it added.

The accord follows accusations from the United States that China has tried to "militarise" space and the Pentagon says Beijing has invested heavily in space weaponry.

China in 2007 launched a to knock out one of its old weather satellites, sparking sharp criticism from Washington and around the world. The incident added over 6,000 pieces of debris to space orbits, Monday's joint statement said.

As part of the agreement, US Defence Secretary Robert Gates told reporters discussions would begin in January on possibly adding ground-based radar sensors in Australia to the US military's space surveillance network.

The network's purpose includes monitoring satellite traffic for possible collisions and seeking to prevent damage to vital defence-related satellites.

"The growing number of countries and companies placing satellites in space is also adding to the congestion, particularly in certain orbits," it said.

Gates said Australia and the were working "hand-in-hand" to enhance military cooperation in emerging domains such as space and cyber security.

"The Space Situational Awareness Partnership statement of principles signed today, for example, will lead to greater cooperation between our militaries in the areas of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance," Gates said.

No final decision had been reached yet on adding radar sensors but Australia's geographic position could fill a gap in tracking objects in space over the southern hemisphere, officials said.

"In particular, there is poor space surveillance coverage in the southern hemisphere, which compromises global" tracking of objects in orbit, the statement said.

US officials said no separate American base would be built. The joint statement said Australia preferred any radars to "be operated as joint facilities, and co-located with existing defence facilities such as at Naval Communications Station Harold E. Holt at Exmouth in Western Australia."

As part of the agreement signed Monday, Australia would gain access to US data, training and advice in , it said.

In Melbourne for annual security talks with Australian officials, Gates also said that the two nations will set up a working group to draw up options for expanded defence cooperation on Australian soil.

Gates, at a briefing later, said no decisions had been taken but that options could include prepositioning of equipment for disaster relief in Australia, more training, more port visits by American warships and more joint use of Australian bases.

Explore further: Lunar explorers will walk at higher speeds than thought

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

New US satellite to monitor debris in Earth orbit

Jul 03, 2010

(AP) -- A new U.S. Air Force satellite will provide the first full-time, space-based surveillance of hundreds of satellites and thousands of pieces of debris that could crash into American and allied assets ...

Launch delayed for satellite to watch space debris

Jul 06, 2010

(AP) -- The launch of a new U.S. Air Force space surveillance satellite has been delayed due to a software problem in a rocket similar to the one that will lift the satellite into orbit.

Recommended for you

Lunar explorers will walk at higher speeds than thought

7 hours ago

Anyone who has seen the movies of Neil Armstrong's first bounding steps on the moon couldn't fail to be intrigued by his unusual walking style. But, contrary to popular belief, the astronaut's peculiar walk ...

Space: The final frontier... open to the public

9 hours ago

Historically, spaceflight has been reserved for the very healthy. Astronauts are selected for their ability to meet the highest physical and psychological standards to prepare them for any unknown challenges. However, with ...

NASA releases IRIS footage of X-class flare (w/ Video)

9 hours ago

On Sept. 10, 2014, NASA's newest solar observatory, the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, mission joined other telescopes to witness an X-class flare – an example of one of the strongest solar flares—on ...

NASA's Maven spacecraft reaches Mars this weekend

9 hours ago

Mars, get ready for another visitor or two. This weekend, NASA's Maven spacecraft will reach the red planet following a 10-month journey spanning 442 million miles (711 million kilometers).

User comments : 0