WISE satellite blasts off on space-map mission

December 14, 2009
The United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket with NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) satellite aboard lifts off from Space Launch Complex-2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Image credit: NASA TV

NASA launched Monday a new breed of satellite called WISE on a mission to orbit Earth and map the skies to find elusive cosmic objects, including potentially dangerous asteroids.

NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE, lifted off over the Pacific Ocean this morning on its way to map the entire sky in infrared light.

A Delta II rocket carrying the spacecraft launched at 9:09 a.m. EST from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The rocket deposited WISE into a polar orbit 326 miles above Earth.

"WISE thundered overhead, lighting up the pre-dawn skies," said William Irace, the mission's project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "All systems are looking good, and we are on our way to seeing the entire infrared sky better than ever before."

Engineers acquired a signal from the spacecraft via NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System just 10 seconds after the spacecraft separated from the rocket. Approximately three minutes later, WISE re-oriented itself with its solar panels facing the sun to generate its own power. The next major event occurred about 17 minutes later. Valves on the cryostat, a chamber of super-cold hydrogen ice that cools the WISE instrument, opened. Because the instrument sees the infrared, or heat, signatures of objects, it must be kept at chilly temperatures -- its coldest detectors are less than minus 447 degrees Fahrenheit.

"WISE needs to be colder than the objects it's observing," said Ned Wright of UCLA, the mission's principal investigator. "Now we're ready to see the infrared glow from hundreds of thousands of asteroids, and hundreds of millions of stars and galaxies."

With the spacecraft stable, cold and communicating with mission controllers at JPL, a month-long checkout and calibration is underway.

WISE will see the infrared colors of the whole sky with sensitivity and resolution far better than the last infrared sky survey, performed 26 years ago. The space telescope will spend nine months scanning the sky once, then one-half the sky a second time. The primary mission will end when WISE's frozen hydrogen runs out, about 10 months after launch.

Just about everything in the universe glows in infrared, which means the mission will catalog a variety of astronomical targets. Near-Earth asteroids, stars, planet-forming disks and distant galaxies all will be easy for the mission to see. Hundreds of millions of objects will populate the WISE atlas, providing astronomers and other space missions, such as NASA's planned James Webb Space Telescope, with a long-lasting infrared roadmap.

Provided by NASA

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4 comments

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El_Nose
not rated yet Dec 14, 2009
why only a 10 month mission?...
will it fall 300 miles for decomissioning?...
is it a fuel problem? turning the satellite from point to point?
TheDudeNJ
not rated yet Dec 14, 2009
Just a novice question, but what is the turn around going to be for the pictures to reach the public? I'm extremely interested in looking at these photos :).
yyz
not rated yet Dec 14, 2009
@ El Nose,

The length of the mission is (primarily) determined by how long the solid hydrogen coolant holds out. This is why the 10 month nominal mission is anticipated.

@ TheDudeNJ,

According to NASA, flight testing and calibration should take about a month, followed by a 6 month period where the main all-sky survey will be conducted. After this, a second all-sky survey will commence, covering as much of the sky as possible until the coolant is used up. Details of the mission can be found at this WISE website: http://wise.ssl.b...ex.html. Can't wait to see the first images soon!

yyz
not rated yet Dec 14, 2009
Ooops, try this NASA website for WISE: http://wise.ssl.berkeley.edu/ .

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