Finances can shape kids' intentions about college

May 12, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- If college seems too expensive, what is the point of doing homework?

That's a question some teens in poor families ponder, prompting them to spend less time and effort on school, according to a new University of Michigan study.

"When the path to college feels closed because of a lack of financial assets, school-focused aspirations suffer," said Daphna Oyserman, a professor in the School of Social Work and the U-M Institute for Social Research.

Oyserman and Mesmin Destin, a psychology doctoral student, demonstrate in two studies that, even as early as age 11, thinking about college as affordable with financial aid enhances students' education goals.

The research analyzed "closed" and "open" paths for low-income . In the closed path condition, students were told about the cost of college—highlighting that is expensive—with tuition ranging from $31,160 to $126,792. In the open path condition, students were told about ways of making college affordable and described financial aid opportunities.

Students completed a questionnaire and were asked about the grades they expected to get in math and English.

Study 1 involved 48 Chicago seventh graders, the majority of whom were Hispanic. They thought they would get better grades in the open-path condition (B average) than the closed path condition (C+ average).

"When induced to perceive the path to as open via financial aid, even young students aspired to better grades," Oyserman said.

Study 2 involved 48 Detroit area seventh graders, the majority of whom were African American. They planned to spend more time on reading, studying and doing their homework in the open path condition.

Follow-up analyses showed that the open-path mind-set improved planned efforts when are not already behind academically. Oyserman said this means children and parents should learn about financial accessibility early, before gaps in student achievement levels emerge and some fall behind.

The findings appear in current issue of Psychological Science.

Provided by University of Michigan (news : web)

Explore further: Providing in-state tuition to undocumented immigrants increases college enrollment

Related Stories

U-M researcher's idea may soon simplify financial aid process

February 10, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- Parents of students considering college are now struggling with a federal form that is longer and more grueling than the IRS Form 1040 but that could soon change, thanks to the work of a University of Michigan ...

Undocumented students face barriers to higher education

April 21, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- New research released by the College Board shows that because of financial barriers and exclusion from the legal workforce, only a fraction of undocumented high school graduates go on to college. The board ...

Recommended for you

How the finch changes its tune

August 3, 2015

Like top musicians, songbirds train from a young age to weed out errors and trim variability from their songs, ultimately becoming consistent and reliable performers. But as with human musicians, even the best are not machines. ...

Machine Translates Thoughts into Speech in Real Time

December 21, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- By implanting an electrode into the brain of a person with locked-in syndrome, scientists have demonstrated how to wirelessly transmit neural signals to a speech synthesizer. The "thought-to-speech" process ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.