Combination of old and new media deepens mathematical understanding

March 19, 2009

By combining the trusty old book, pen and paper with the possibilities offered by the computer and the interactive whiteboard, ICT can help to improve students’ understanding in maths education. So conclude a team of researchers led by Koeno Gravemeijer and Paul Drijvers from the Freudenthal Institute for Science and Mathematics Education (Utrecht University, The Netherlands).

The researchers studied the interaction between learning, teaching and the use of . To this end they developed so-called applets, small interactive that can be accessed through an Internet browser. The applets are embedded in an environment. Working with applets can help gain a better understanding of the of function and the applications of this.

A new for students in the 13-14 year age group was developed by the researchers and tested by 700 students and 16 teachers. The researchers established that the lessons worked best when the teachers combined different didactic approaches, when they used different media and when they clearly explained the connection between all of the methods. As the students learn in pairs or in groups using both pen and paper and the digital environment, their learning experiences in the ICT environment are neither isolated nor individual.

In the applet entitled ‘AlgebraArrows’ the students learn to make and understand chains of operations, to vary input, to form relationships between representations and to study families of functions. The programme is embedded in an electronic learning environment, so that students can work with it both in the class and at home.

The combined method of working offers opportunities for informal representations of a function and encourages students to look critically at their own work. This is in line with the basic principles of realistic . The researchers also conclude that students develop a much better understanding of the mathematical concept of function. The evidence for this came from observations of the students' reasoning and from how they apply the techniques they have learned.

Teacher determines 'orchestration'

During computer work, the teacher plays an important role in encouraging reflection. He or she must connect the computer work to the problem as well as to the ‘pen and paper’ maths. The learning arrangement with the different didactic approaches and media appears to demand a lot from the teachers. Their own ideas about learning and teaching have a considerable impact on how they react to an ICT-rich learning arrangement.

The research ‘Tool Use in an Innovative Learning Arrangement for Mathematics’ offers a framework for the design of digital teaching resources and the development of ICT-rich education. The work was funded by the Dutch Programme Council for Educational Research of NWO.

Provided by NWO

Explore further: Low-income US children less likely to have access to qualified teachers

Related Stories

Giving learning a personal touch

July 18, 2008

A learning system that adapts to the abilities and needs of students opens the way to a more personalised approach in delivering education electronically.

Recommended for you

Early human diet explains our eating habits

August 31, 2015

Much attention is being given to what people ate in the distant past as a guide to what we should eat today. Advocates of the claimed palaeodiet recommend that we should avoid carbohydrates and load our plates with red meat ...

Just how good (or bad) is the fossil record of dinosaurs?

August 28, 2015

Everyone is excited by discoveries of new dinosaurs – or indeed any new fossil species. But a key question for palaeontologists is 'just how good is the fossil record?' Do we know fifty per cent of the species of dinosaurs ...

Fractals patterns in a drummer's music

August 28, 2015

Fractal patterns are profoundly human – at least in music. This is one of the findings of a team headed by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization in Göttingen and Harvard University ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.