New Research on Nanodiamond Materials

September 9, 2008
Microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition chamber shown in action growing ultrananocrystalline diamond films at Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials.

In a recent special issue of Chemical Vapor Deposition devoted to nanodiamonds, editors Amanda Barnard and Oliver Williams note that "the diversity of nanocarbon structures and allotropes has led to a plethora of growth techniques and unique properties, and has opened the door to a number of exciting applications."

An invited review article by Anirudha V. Sumant (CNM) and James Butler (Naval Research Laboratory) shows how nanocrystalline diamond is a designer material that can be tailored to specific applications. Materials that grow by using a suppression of renucleation, similar to conventional diamond growth, are distinguished from materials grown by using intentional enhancement of renucleation processes.

These specially designed nanodiamond materials find use in X-ray windows and lithography, micro- and nanomechanical and optical resonators, tribological shaft seals and AFM probes, electron field emitters, platforms for chemical and DNA sensing, to name a few applications.

The CNM offers a Lamda Technologies microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition system in its user program for the growth of ultrananocrystalline diamond films.

Further reading: "The CVD of Nanodiamond Materials," J.E. Butler and A.V. Sumant, Chem. Vap. Deposition, 14, 145–160 (2008) (online).

Provided by Argonne National Lab

Explore further: New tool for next-generation cancer treatments using nanodiamonds

Related Stories

Nanodiamonds might prevent tooth loss after root canals

October 16, 2015

People undergoing root canals may have gained a powerful, if tiny, new ally. Researchers from the UCLA School of Dentistry have found that using nanodiamonds to fortify a material used in the procedure could significantly ...

Nanodiamonds deliver insulin for wound healing

July 27, 2009

(PhysOrg.com) -- Bacterial infection is a major health threat to patients with severe burns and other kinds of serious wounds such as traumatic bone fractures. Recent studies have identified an important new weapon for fighting ...

Nanodiamond coatings safe for implants: study

February 5, 2012

Nanodiamonds designed to toughen artificial joints also might prevent the inflammation caused when hardworking metal joints shed debris into the body, according to an early study published this week in the journal Acta Biomaterialia.

Recommended for you

Harnessing the possibilities of the nanoworld

September 30, 2016

Scientists have long suspected that the way materials behave on the nanoscale – that is when particles have dimensions of about 1–100 nanometres – is different from how they behave on any other scale. A new paper in ...

Creating new devices that emulate human biological synapses

September 29, 2016

Engineers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are leading a research team that is developing a new type of nanodevice for computer microprocessors that can mimic the functioning of a biological synapse—the place ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.