Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Caffeine enhances bee memory

(Phys.org) —Caffeine is the naturally occurring drug most widely used by humans. In nature, though, it is reported to act as a bitter and toxic deterrent to herbivores, preventing leaves and seeds from ...

May 13, 2013 5 / 5 (2) 0 | with audio podcast

Whales as ecosystem engineers

"Consider the subtleness of the sea; how its most dreaded creatures glide under water, unapparent for the most part," wrote Herman Melville in Moby Dick. Today, we no longer dread whales, but their subtlety ...

Jul 03, 2014 3.9 / 5 (8) 0