Defining function from "genomic dark matter"
Functional annotation allowed researchers to identify biomass-degrading enzymes in the 35 percent of genes in a genome that are considered "genomic dark matter."
Working together: Bacteria join forces to produce electricity
Bacterial cells use an impressive range of strategies to grow, develop and sustain themselves. Despite their tiny size, these specialized machines interact with one another in intricate ways.
New screening technique paves the way for protein drugs from bacteria
A cheaper, more efficient technique for developing complex protein drugs from bacteria has been developed at the University of Sheffield.
Accelerating cellular assembly lines
The immune system generates antibodies to mark threats that need to be eliminated, and these protein complexes bind their targets with remarkable strength and selectivity. Scientists have learned how to generate ...
Super-microbes engineered to solve world environmental problems
Environmental problems, such as depleting natural resources, highlight the need to establish a renewable chemical industry. Metabolic engineering enhances the production of chemicals made by microbes in so-called ...
Viruses help scientists battle pathogenic bacteria and improve water supply
(Phys.org)—Infectious bacteria received a taste of their own medicine from University of Missouri researchers who used viruses to infect and kill colonies of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, common disease-causing bacteria. The vi ...
Microbubbles provide new boost for biofuel production
The technique builds on previous research in which microbubbles were used to improve the way algae is cultivated.
Scalable amounts of liver and pancreas precursor cells created using new stem cell production method
Scientists in Canada have overcome a key research hurdle to developing regenerative treatments for diabetes and liver disease with a technique to produce medically useful amounts of endoderm cells from human pluripotent stem ...