Specialized species critical for reefs
One of Australia's leading coral reef ecologists fears that reef biodiversity may not provide the level of insurance for ecosystem survival that we once thought.
Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have feared.
Microbes evolve faster than ocean can disperse them
Two Northeastern University researchers and their international colleagues have created an advanced model aimed at exploring the role of neutral evolution in the biogeographic distribution of ocean microbes.
The future of global agriculture may include new land, fewer harvests
Climate change may expand suitable cropland, particularly in the Northern high latitudes, but tropical regions may becoming decreasingly suitable, according to a study published September 17, 2014 in the open-access journal ...
Coral growth rate plummets in 30-year comparison
A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia's Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40% since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification ...
Pollution risks of megacity 'street canyons' examined in unique new research
People living in Hong Kong's towering skyscrapers may be away from the hustle and bustle of its notorious traffic-snarled streets but the effects of traffic emissions should not be ignored, says a ground-breaking ...
Global change: Trees continue to grow at a faster rate
Trees have been growing significantly faster since the 1960s. The typical development phases of trees and stands have barely changed, but they have accelerated—by as much as 70 percent. This was the outcome ...
Study finds Great Barrier Reef is an effective wave absorber
New research has found that the Great Barrier Reef is a remarkably effective wave absorber, despite large gaps between the reefs. This means that landward of the reefs, waves are mostly related to local winds rather than ...
Cape Cod saltmarsh recovery looks good, falls short
After decades of decline, grasses have returned to some once-denuded patches of Cape Cod's saltmarshes. To the eye, the marsh in those places seems healthy again, but a new study makes clear that a key service ...
Manure offsets fertiliser's nano-scale changes
A UWA study has shown how long-term use of chemical fertilisers changes the soil on a nanoparticle scale and how these changes can be avoided by adding organic matter such as manure.
Research team finds evidence of oil residue in Gulf two years after BP spill
(Phys.org) —Oil residue remained in the Gulf of Mexico two years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, according to a study headed by a University of Florida professor.
Rising sea levels to cost Australia billions, study says
Rising sea levels could threaten infrastructure worth more than Aus$226 billion (US$205 billion) in Australia if climate change is left unchecked, a study warned on Wednesday.
Global shift away from cars saves US$100 trillion, eliminates 1,700 MT of CO2 pollution
More than $100 trillion in cumulative public and private spending, and 1,700 megatons of annual carbon dioxide (CO2)—a 40 percent reduction of urban passenger transport emissions—could be eliminated by 2050 if the world ...
Dutch unveil big plan to fight rising tides
The Netherlands on Tuesday unveiled a multi-billion-euro, multi-decade plan to counter the biggest environmental threat to the low-lying European nation: surging seawater caused by global climate change.