Scientists find strongest natural material
Limpet teeth might be the strongest natural material known to man, a new study has found.
Silver electrocatalysts may help enable long-term space travel
Despite continuous advances, major obstacles remain before manned missions can set off for destinations like Mars. A primary concern is how people will breathe.
Bionic leaf: Researchers use bacteria to convert solar energy into liquid fuel
Harvesting sunlight is a trick plants mastered more than a billion years ago, using solar energy to feed themselves from the air and water around them in the process we know as photosynthesis.
The future of electronics—now in 2-D
The future of electronics could lie in a material from its past, as researchers from The Ohio State University work to turn germanium—the material of 1940s transistors—into a potential replacement for silicon.
Non-damaging X-ray technique unveils protein complex that uses sunlight to split water
A more accurate view of the structure of the oxygen-evolving complex that splits water during photosynthesis is now in hand thanks to a study involving researchers from the RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Okayama ...
Researchers bring clean energy a step closer
For nearly half a century, scientists have been trying to replace precious metal catalysts in fuel cells. Now, for the first time, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have shown that an inexpensive metal-free catalyst ...
Superatomic nickel core and unusual molecular reactivity
A superatom is a combination of two or more atoms that form a stable structural fragment and possess unique physical and chemical properties. Systems that contain superatoms open a number of possibilities ...
Red light goes green: Metal-free organic sensitizers portend significant advance in artificial photosynthesis
Sub-micrometer carbon spheres reduce engine friction as oil additive
Tiny, perfectly smooth carbon spheres added to motor oil have been shown to reduce friction and wear typically seen in engines by as much as 25 percent, suggesting a similar enhancement in fuel economy.
Aerogel catalyst shows promise for fuel cells
(Phys.org)—Graphene nanoribbons formed into a three-dimensional aerogel and enhanced with boron and nitrogen are excellent catalysts for fuel cells, even in comparison to platinum, according to Rice University ...
Scientists have taken a big step toward the rational design of catalysts
Most of our food, medicine, fuel, plastics and synthetic fibers wouldn't exist without catalysts, materials that open favorable pathways for chemical reactions to run forth. And yet chemists don't fully understand ...
New imaging technique finds formation of aluminum alloys to blame for next-gen battery failures
Researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the University of Maryland, and Sandia National Laboratories, have for the first time imaged the inner workings of experimental ...
Making teeth tough: Beavers show way to improve our enamel
Beavers don't brush their teeth, and they don't drink fluoridated water, but a new Northwestern University study reports beavers do have protection against tooth decay built into the chemical structure of ...
New approach could enable low-cost silicon devices in fibers that could be made into fabrics
Scientists have known how to draw thin fibers from bulk materials for decades. But a new approach to that old method, developed by researchers at MIT, could lead to a whole new way of making high-quality ...