To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation
Intelligence is a very difficult concept and, until recently, no one has succeeded in giving it a satisfactory formal definition.
Hydrogen could save regional railways
There is increasing talk of electrification of the UK's railway network. But electrification is an expensive business, requiring much new hardware including masts, wiring, substations and so on. Such an investment ...
Diamond 'flaws' pave way for nanoscale MRI
Breakthrough offers high-sensitivity nanoscale sensors, and could lead to magnetic imaging of neuron activity and thermometry on a single living cell.
Look, but don't touch: US law and the protection of lunar heritage
With India and China planning lunar surface missions, privately-funded space entrepreneurs competing for the US$40 million Google Lunar X Prize and discussions around lunar mining intensifying, working out ...
Unusual greenhouse gases may have raised ancient Martian temperature
Much like the Grand Canyon, Nanedi Valles snakes across the Martian surface suggesting that liquid water once crossed the landscape, according to a team of researchers who believe that molecular hydrogen ...
Scientists create light bullets for high-intensity optical applications
How losing information can benefit quantum computing
Suggesting that quantum computers might benefit from losing some data, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have entangled—linked the quantum properties of—two ions ...
44 million stars and counting: Astronomers play Snap and remap the sky
(Phys.org) —Tens of millions of stars and galaxies, among them hundreds of thousands that are unexpectedly fading or brightening, have been catalogued properly for the first time.
Suspected dust ring in Venus's orbit confirmed
US eyes phase-out of old telephone network
America's plain old telephone network is rapidly being overtaken by new technology, putting US regulators in a quandary over how to manage the final stages of transformation.
Scientists prove X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch
A study shows for the first time that X-ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3-D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure.
Physicists 'uncollapse' a partially collapsed qubit
Nuclear engineer creates novel skateboard propulsion (w/ Video)
(Phys.org) —A Purdue University nuclear engineering student has turned his time-consuming hobby into something new under the sun—an electric drive train that turns almost any skateboard into a high-speed ...
New study challenges centuries-old Amontons' laws of friction
(Phys.org) —The frictional characteristics of nanotextured surfaces cannot be fully described by the framework of Amontons' laws of friction, according to new research from the University of Bristol, published ...