Study shows oxytocin spray promotes social bonding behavior in dogs
More than just a hill of beans: Phaseolus genome lends insights into nitrogen fixation
The US Department of Energy Office of Science has targeted research into the common bean because of its importance in enhancing nitrogen use efficiency for bioenergy crops sustainability, and for increasing ...
Biologists identify unique way catfish locate prey
Animals incorporate a number of unique methods for detecting prey, but for the Japanese sea catfish, Plotosus japonicus, it is especially tricky given the dark murky waters where it resides.
Post ice-age extinctions of large mammals linked to humans, not climate change
Research shows bees might create cognitive maps
Microbes engineered for the direct conversion of biomass to ethanol fuel
The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass—a sustainable, carbon neutral route to American energy independence—has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process. ...
Activation of brain region can change a monkey's choice
Artificially stimulating a brain region believed to play a key role in learning, reward and motivation induced monkeys to change which of two images they choose to look at. In experiments reported online ...
Extensive cataloging of human proteins uncovers 193 never known to exist
Striving for the protein equivalent of the Human Genome Project, an international team of researchers has created an initial catalog of the human "proteome," or all of the proteins in the human body. In total, ...
Study shows fairy wrasses perceive and respond to their own deep red fluorescent coloration
Sperm cells are extremely efficient at swimming against a current
Like salmon traveling upstream to spawn, sperm cells are extremely efficient at swimming against the current, according to research to be published this week.
Breakthrough shows how DNA is 'edited' to correct genetic diseases
An international team of scientists has made a major step forward in our understanding of how enzymes 'edit' genes, paving the way for correcting genetic diseases in patients.
From chaos to order: How ants optimize food search
Ants are capable of complex problem-solving strategies that could be widely applied as optimization techniques. An individual ant searching for food walks in random ways, biologists found. Yet the collective ...
Fruit flies show mark of intelligence in thinking before they act
Fruit flies 'think' before they act, a study by researchers from the University of Oxford's Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour suggests. The neuroscientists showed that fruit flies take longer to make ...
Ancient DNA ends Aussie claim to kiwi origins
Australia can no longer lay claim to the origins of the iconic New Zealand kiwi following University of Adelaide research published in the journal Science today showing the kiwi's closest relative is not ...